trichotillomania

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trichotillomania

 [trik″o-til´o-ma´ne-ah]
an impulse control disorder consisting of an irresistible compulsion to pull out one's hair, the act being preceded by tension or an irresistible urge and followed by pleasure or relief. The diagnosis excludes such activities when caused by physical factors or by delusions or hallucinations. Specific patterns or rituals of hair pulling are often present.

trich·o·til·lo·ma·ni·a

(trik'ō-til'ō-mā'nē-ă),
A compulsion to pull out one's own hair.
[tricho- + G. tillo, pull out, + mania, insanity]

trichotillomania

/tricho·til·lo·ma·nia/ (-til″o-ma´ne-ah) compulsive pulling out of one's hair.

trichotillomania

(trĭk′ō-tĭl′ə-mā′nē-ə, -mān′yə)
n.
A psychiatric disorder characterized by the compulsive plucking out of hairs from one's own body, especially from the scalp, eyebrows, or eyelashes.

trichotillomania

[trik′ōtil′ōmā′nē·ə]
Etymology: Gk, thrix + tillein, to pull, mania, madness
an impulse disorder characterized by a desire to pull out one's hair, frequently seen in cases of severe mental retardation and delirium. Also called hair pulling, trichomania. See also trichologia. trichomanic, trichotillomanic, adj.
The compulsive pulling out of one's own hair—formally, chronic traction alopecia—to the point that it is noticeable and causing significant distress or impairment. It affects up to 2.5 million in the US, begins in childhood, and is more common in girls—female:male ratio is 8:1 in pre-adolescents and 3:1 in adults—peaking at age 12–13; it is a disorder of impulse control, linked to tics, and habit disorders—e.g., thumb-sucking—and attributed to unresolved psychodynamic conflicts, low self-esteem, stress, anxiety, depression
DiffDx Alopecia areata, tinea capitis, traction alopecia, loose anagen syndrome
Complications Patchy alopecia, suppurative dermatitis, permanent loss of hair, repetitive stress injury, carpal tunnel syndrome, gastrointestinal obstruction due to trichophagia, which begets trichobezoars
Management Hypnosis, behaviour modification, psychotherapy, IMAOs, amitriptyline, etc. have been tried with varying degrees of success; tricyclic antidepressants—e.g., clomipramine—may be effective short-term

trichotillomania

Hair-pulling, trichomania Psychiatry A chronic traction alopecia of childhood onset affecting adolescent and adult ♀, affecting ± 8 million–US; it is a disorder of impulse control, linked to tics, and habit disorders–eg, thumb-sucking, attributed to psychodynamic conflicts Management Hypnosis, behavior mod, psychotherapy, IMAOs, amitriptyline, etc have been tried with varying degrees of failure; TCAs–eg, clomipramine, may be effective short-term. See Obsessive compulsive disorder.

trich·o·til·lo·ma·ni·a

(trik'ō-til'ŏ-mā'nē-ă)
A compulsion to pull out one's own hair.
[tricho- + G. tillo, pull out, + mania, insanity]

trichotillomania

An apparent compulsion to pull out one's own hair, sometimes manifested by people with psychotic disorders or severe mental retardation. Anxious or frustrated children sometimes pull out hair.

Trichotillomania

An impulse or compulsion to pull out one's own hair.

trich·o·til·lo·ma·ni·a

(trikō-tilŏ-mānē-ă)
A compulsion to pull out one's own hair.
[tricho- + G. tillo, pull out, + mania, insanity]

trichotillomania

a psychogenic dermatosis in which the animal pulls out its own hair; seen in cats.
References in periodicals archive ?
A hair-pulling row between two women flared up into a street fight involving dozens of people over the bank holiday.
Compulsive hair-pulling often starts in early teens and frequently a stressful event such as change of schools, abuse, family conflict or bereavement is associated with its onset.
It may be helpful for client's to label statements that reinforce hair-pulling behaviors (e.
Diefenbach and colleagues (2005) found individuals with TTM report having a higher degree of distress than do individuals without hair-pulling problems, and individuals with TTM are comparable to other individuals with psychiatric disorders on reported distress levels.
She recalled one patient who tried to hide her hair-pulling habit by eating the pulled hairs, which caused a bowel obstruction that required surgery.
She recalled one girl who tried to hide her hair-pulling habit by eating the pulled hairs, which caused a bowel obstruction that required surgery.
Cutting, like other self-injuring practices such as bone-breaking, hair-pulling or head-banging, may be connected with depression or substance abuse.
Information about the hair-pulling disorder, including special sections for kids, is available at trich.
And now the salon is the scene of another bout of hair-pulling and name-calling as Max's ex-wife Rachel shows up and makes a play for him again, much to second wife Tanya's annoyance.
Letitia gets snapped in the process of trying it on with Riley and when Mercedes works out that Mitzeee is behind it, sparks fly and the hair-pulling commences.
Now the tweeting politician finds himself at the centre of the first hair-pulling, handbag-swinging AM slapfest of the new term because of his admittedly stupid oversight of continuing as a member of the Care Council for Wales during the campaign.
With the Oscars just weeks away, all eyes now fall on this little industry taster at the Royal Opera House in London's Covent Garden to see The Fighter's Christian Bale duke it out for the Best Supporting Actor gong, Miranda Richardson in a hair-pulling cat fight with Helena Bonham Carter for Best Supporting Actress, and the casts of True Grit and Black Swan bashing each other over the head with bottles of Cristal in order to get to the podium first and pick up the Best Film trophy.