Reclassification of Actinobacillus actinomycetecomitans, Haemophilus aphrophilus
, Haemophilus paraphrophilus and Haemophilus segnis as Aggregatibacter actinomycetecomitans gen.
8,9) Neils y Mogens en el 2006, segun estudios de ADN, encuentran gran similitud en cuatro bacterias Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans, Haemophilus aphrophilus
Other bacteria have been identified including their involvement in periodontal disease is unclear such as: Haemophilus aphrophilus
, Campylobacter species, Eubacterium and Actinomyces.
endocarditis after tongue piercing.
Hung et al (2) described an elderly patient with a 10-year history of liver cirrhosis who developed Haemophilus aphrophilus
baeteremia with subsequent development of vertebral osteomyelitis and SEA in the lumbar spine, both of which were diagnosed on the basis of magnetic resonance imaging findings.
Tropheryma whipplei, 2003 and Coxiella burnetii in endocarditis (a) HACEK, Haemophilus aphrophilus
, Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans, Cardiobacterium horninis, Eikenella corrodens, Kingella kingae group, Bartonella spp.
Tongue or oral piercing can cause Ludwig's angina (2,9,10) or may be complicated by normal oral flora, such as Haemophilus aphrophilus
, as in this case.