African Republic Australia, Asia Culex spp Birds India Haemaphysalis spinigera
Monkeys Malaysia, Thailand, I granulatus Unknown Siberia UK Ixodes spp Sheep USA ?
The two major vectors of KFD are Haemaphysalis spinigera
Growth of arboviruses in cell cultures derived from the tick Haemaphysalis spinigera
An array of tick species, mainly Haemaphysalis spinigera
, act as vectors for KFDV (5).
Similarly, in enzootic state, KFD virus circulates through small mammals such as rodents, shrews, ground birds and an array of tick species, however, the species Haemaphysalis spinigera
is considered as the main vector and maintained an enzootic in small mammal and monkeys in the forest.
KFD virus has been found only in monkeys, humans, and Haemaphysalis spinigera
ticks in the KFD-epidemic region of south India (4), although a variant of KFD virus, Alkhurma virus, was isolated recently in Saudi Arabia (5).
anatolicum, Haemaphysalis spinigera
can be screened for their candidature as vaccine target.
Because cleared areas were widely used for grazing of cattle, a major host for adult ticks, these areas favored the proliferation of the tick Haemaphysalis spinigera