habeas corpus

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Related to Habeas Corpus Act: Bill of Rights, Magna Carta, Bill of Rights 1689

habeas corpus

[hā′bē·əs kôr′pəs]
Etymology: L, you have the body
a right retained by all psychiatric patients that provides for the release of individuals who claim they are being deprived of their liberty and detained illegally. A hearing for this determination takes place in a court of law, where the patient's sanity may be at issue.
References in periodicals archive ?
By the late 17th century, particularly after the passage of the Habeas Corpus Act of 1679, the writ ad subjiciendum became the primary safeguard against all illegal detention.
In part, the link between habeas and criminal confinement is due to the celebrated Habeas Corpus Act of 1679, 31 Car.
1898) ("[T]he Habeas Corpus Act, 1679, applies only to cases of detention or imprisonment for criminal or supposed criminal offences.
Moreover, the Habeas Corpus Act of 1679, though limited to criminal matters, protected all inhabitants of England, including nonenemy aliens, from being sent abroad as prisoners without their consent.
The common law writ also played an important role in placing further limits on executive power, sparking the Habeas Corpus Act of 1640, 16 Car.