HIV viral load


Also found in: Dictionary.
Related to HIV viral load: CD4 count

HIV viral load

AIDS A measure of the amount of HIV RNA in blood, expressed as number of copies/mL of plasma. See AIDS, HIV.
References in periodicals archive ?
The last systematic review of the use of DBS for monitoring HIV viral load [9] emphasised the need for a standardised approach for sampling, storing and processing DBS samples in order to establish whether DBS could reliably replace plasma specimens to identify virological failure.
An HIV viral load test which can be run on the same system as the WHO-recommended Xpert MTB/RIF has the potential to transform the way the two diseases are managed, and perhaps act as a catalyst to ensure a much more holistic approach to TB/HIV co-infections.
We have done a series of studies now confirming a link between HIV viral load and aflatoxin exposure, but the problem has not yet been recognized or addressed," said Jolly, an HIV immunologist who does most of her work in Ghana.
10] after three months of treatment and an undetectable HIV viral load six months thereafter.
The researchers speculate that the higher rate of untreated co-infections in Africa could be to blame, and cite a 2002 paper from Uganda that shows that a herpes attack can raise HIV viral load by 50%, active tuberculosis by 150%, and acute malaria by 370% (a nearly fivefold increase).
7) HIV viral load at interview, 50 50 copies/mL, median (IQR) (50-44,000) (50-71) >400 7 (33) 2 (15) [less than or equal to]400 14 (67) 11 (85) CD4 cell count at interview, 280 270 cells/[micro]L, median (IQR) (170-390) (190-350) >350 7 (33) 3 (23) [less than or equal to]350 14 (67) 10 (77) Years since starting HAART, median (IQR), total 4.
Description of 4 HIV-infected men with HCV infection, Madrid, Spain, 2010 * Characteristic Patient 1 Age, y 31 Country of origin Italy Date of HIV diagnosis 2006 Jun Year ART initiated 2008 Prior negative HCV test 2006 Date AHC diagnosed May 2010 CD4 count, cells/[micro]L 562 HIV viral load Undetectable Symptoms at diagnosis No ALT/AST levels at AHC 564/331 diagnosis, U/L HCV genotype 4 HCV RNA load, IU/mL ([log.
The company's development programmes focus on applications which benefit from its core technology, such as an integrated testing station for gastrointestinal (GI) infections and an HIV viral load monitoring system to support drug therapy throughout the developing world.
After transmission, an individual's HIV viral load spikes in a period of "acute infection" and models estimate that 10-45% of HIV acquisition arises from sex with an individual during this highly infectious period.
As adherence decreases, HIV viral load and the risk of progression to AIDS increases, as does the risk of the emergence of drug-resistant HIV.
ISENTRESSA (raltegravir), from MSD, was as Effective as Efavirenz at Suppressing HIV Viral Load and Increasing CD4 Cell Counts in Treatment-NaE[macron]ve Patients up to 144 Weeks When Used in Combination Therapy CAPE TOWN, South Africa--(BUSINESS WIRE)-- Not For Distribution To South African Journalists ISENTRESS A (raltegravir), an integrase inhibitor from Merck Sharpe & Dohme (MSD) was as effective as efavirenz at maintaining viral load suppression to undetectable levels (less than 50 copies/mL) and at improving CD4 counts in previously untreated (treatment-naE[macron]ve) patients through 144 weeks in a Phase II study still underway.