HIV test


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Legal, Financial, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.

HIV test

Various tests have been used to detect HIV and production of antibodies thereto; some HTs shown below are no longer actively used, but are listed for completeness and context. See HIV, Immunoblot.
HIV tests
Culture The direct culture of HIV in the appropriate cell–human lymphocytes
IgA assay An immunoblot-type assay which allows the early diagnosis in infants of perinatal HIV infection
p24 antigen The measurement of HIV's p24 antigen by immunoassay, confirmation by neutralization; very low sensitivity
PCR Amplification of HIV nucleotide sequences by PCR, used to confirm indeterminate Western blot results
RNA testing
Western blot An immune assay which detects specific antibodies to HIV antigens, including p24–often the first antibody to appear; low-risk individuals with a persisting indeterminant Western blot at 3 months may be regarded as negative and require no further followup

Patient discussion about HIV test

Q. The HIV test came back POSITIVE! My very close friend 'Demonte'. One day in December as he was returning from a business trip, his wife met him at the airport with terrible news. During a routine pregnancy check up, her doctor had administered an HIV test along with other blood-work. The HIV test came back POSITIVE! The doctor wanted to begin administering drugs immediately but the cost of these drugs here when compared to their family income was prohibitive. I helped him with some of my savings. He already sold his favorite sentimental car to save his precious wife. Now i want to know is there any NATURAL medicine to cure this? Hope it costs less and available.

A. there are no effective natural remedy for HIV. the medications are very hard ones that try to control the virus from spreading (cannot eliminate it though). no herbal remedy or nutrition change will do that.

Q. what tests do i need to do to check that i don't have HIV? and how long does it take to get an answer? i had unprotected sex with this girl i met , and i am really afraid , things just happened really quickly and we had sex and i did not use condom , what should i do ?

A. If you think that you have HIV or you just want to be sure, you should go to your nearest clinic and get tested. They will know what tests you would need to take. Some clinics even do this kind of testing for free. Here is a website on different testings a nd prices: http://www.requestatest.com/STDtesting.aspx?utm_source=yahoo&utm_medium=cpc&utm_term=std-testing&utm_campaign=std_g01 You should always use precaution when having intercourse. You can never be to safe. Hope this helps.

More discussions about HIV test
References in periodicals archive ?
One of the reforms we are pushing for in the HIV/AIDS law is that citizens as young as 15 years old to voluntarily take an HIV test.
Willingness to use instant home HIV tests data from the California Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance Survey.
Between June and December 2006, the monthly rate of HIV tests increased by one-third and the number of people who tested positive per month increased by 50% after the change in policy.
To help head off cases of mother-to-child HIV transmission, many obstetricians routinely offer HIV tests to women early in their pregnancies.
Clinical studies have shown that the approved HIV test system is able to correctly identify 100% of known positive blood samples, and 99.
The average annual percentage of visits with an HIV test was estimated by 5-year age group and by race/ethnicity, and was calculated by subtracting the average annual number of visits in which an HIV test was not performed from the average annual total number of visits and dividing by the average annual total number of visits.
Only respondents who had never had a positive HIV test result before the survey were included in the analytic sample.
Initial counseling on risk-reducing behavior can be initiated onsite to provide an immediate intervention strategy to prevent the spread of the disease while follow-up testing with a confirmatory HIV test is completed.
We had asked previously asked Bruce Mirken to write an introduction to HIV testing, including reliability of the tests today, oral HIV tests, rapid HIV tests, anonymous testing, the home test kit (which makes anonymous testing available in all states), and viral load testing to detect HIV in the "window period" before the immune system has produced antibodies, which standard HIV tests detect.
There might have been pent-up demand,'' said Richard Quattrocchi, president of Direct Access Diagnostics, a company that produces a home HIV test.
Using the date on which AIDS was diagnosed as supplied by state or local reporting systems, they defined participants as early testers (those who had had their first positive HIV test five or more years before the diagnosis of AIDS, or had gone five or more years without a diagnosis of AIDS after their first positive HIV test) or late testers (those who had had their first positive HIV test one year or less before the diagnosis of AIDS).