catgut

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gut

 [gut]
2. the primordial digestive tube, consisting of the foregut, midgut, and hindgut.
chromic gut (chromicized gut) surgical gut treated with a chromic salt to increase its resistance to absorption in tissues.
surgical gut an absorbable sterile strand prepared from collagen derived from healthy mammals, used for absorbable sutures. It was originally prepared from the submucous layer of the intestines of sheep. Called also catgut.

cat·gut

(kat'gŭt),
An absorbable surgical suture material made from the collagenous fibers of the submucosa of certain animals (for example, sheep or cows); misnamed catgut.
[probably from kit, a small violin, through confusion with kit, a small cat]

catgut

/cat·gut/ (kat´gut) surgical gut.

catgut

(kăt′gŭt′)
n.
A tough thin cord made from the treated and stretched intestines of certain animals, especially sheep, and used for stringing musical instruments and tennis rackets and for surgical ligatures.

catgut

Etymology: L, catta + AS, guttas
an absorbable suture material, prepared from the intestines of mammals, used to close surgical wounds. It can be treated with chromic salts to delay absorption and enhance strength.
An absorbable suture material from the submucosa of bovine intestine

catgut

Surgery An absorbable suture material from the submucosa of bovine intestine. Cf Silk.

cat·gut

(kat'gŭt)
An absorbable surgical suture material made from the collagenous fibers of the submucosa of certain animals, usually sheep or cows.
[probably from kit, a small violin, through confusion with kit, a small cat]

catgut

Twisted strips of COLLAGEN prepared from sheep intestine and used as surgical stitches (SUTURES) and ties (LIGATURES). Catgut is absorbable and need not be removed. Chromic catgut is processed chemically to retard the rate of absorption.

cat·gut

(kat'gŭt)
Absorbable surgical suture material made from the collagenous fibers of the submucosa of certain animals (e.g., sheep or cows); name is misnomer.
[probably from kit, a small violin, through confusion with kit, a small cat]

catgut,

n a sheep's intestine prepared as a suture and used for ligating vessels and closing soft tissue wounds.

catgut

an absorbable sterile strand derived from the intestinal submucosa of sheep and fixed in formalin, used as a surgical ligature and suture.

chromic catgut
treated with basic chromate salts; the suture does not absorb as much water as ordinary catgut and has a longer life and is stronger than the untreated product.
References in periodicals archive ?
When you hear the tone of a gut string, a real gut string, struck across a hollow body with stretched skin on it, and it resonates, then you know what the blues are.
Strings are obviously going to have gut strings with portamento, and French woodwind instruments make a softer sound.
As always, the Musicians of the Old Post Road (10 strong for this concert) performed on original or facsimile instruments, so that the authenticity of gut strings and precursor versions of flute, oboe and bassoon, the sounds of traverso and violone, made it seem, in the words of veteran concertgoer Donald Berth, that "we had been transported to Hampton Court.
Despite feeling the frequent holes in the texture left by the missing vocal parts, there were so many good things here that the whole bizarre exercise proved decidedly worthwhile: the choice of gut strings imparting an almost basset-horn pastel quality to the sound, the use of authentic "classical" bows permitting a directness of contact which brought an almost operatic intensity to articulation (the "Dies Irae" sounded like a storm from Idomeneo, and the passage where Mozart laid down his pen for the last time was given an extra passion).
Violinist Catherine Scott's seven-piece ensemble often seemed to have difficulty reconciling musical expressivity with the unfamiliarity of, among other things, playing on gut strings with little or no vibrato.
One of the oldest surviving violins in the world, this lovely artefact with its mellow gut strings, produces a warmly communicative sound - sometimes melancholy, sometimes ironic - with an almost infinite capacity for nuance and colour.
Period instruments with gut strings have a limited dynamic range per se, but gain high marks with warmth of tone.