guild

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guild

a group of species that exploits the same class of environmental resources in a similar way.
References in periodicals archive ?
Arabic and non-Arabic, printed and in manuscript, including the important Sharia court records, and applying a balanced methodology combining empirical and theoretical approaches, Nelly Hanna has produced a thorough, in-depth analysis of how Egypt's traditional economy based on the guild system had been able to engage in capitalist modes of diversification of capital investment and commercialization long before the impact of capitalist industrial Europe devastated Middle Eastern economies in the nineteenth century.
The civic elite, and especially the guilds, were consistently hostile to interlopers, commonly referred to as 'intruders', who sought to operate outside the ambit of the guild system.
Penty, The Restoration of the Guild System, London: Swan Sonnenschein, 1906.
A flourishing guild system and the frequent movement of craftsmen between major centres, bringing new ideas from elsewhere in Europe and Germany, helped encourage the highest standards of craftsmanship and spur competition.
These workers, which may have formed as much as a third of total population of Paris, operated in a wide range of crafts and typically worked within the guild system.
Women successfully initiated legal petitions for membership in guilds, organized into collective fronts when necessary, and took prominent work roles outside the guild system altogether.
There are obviously some opportunities for companies that can develop and produce programming outside the American guild system," says John Morayniss, CEO of Canadian prodco Blueprint Ent.
She also has an MA in business management and wrote her dissertation on Spar's utilisation of the Guild system.