maitake

(redirected from Grifola)
Also found in: Dictionary, Wikipedia.

maitake

(mī-tä′kē, -kĕ)
n.
An edible polypore mushroom (Grifola frondosa) native to Japan and North America that produces large clusters of overlapping gray or brown fan-shaped caps, grows at the base of trees or in cultivation, and is prized in Japanese cuisine and used as a dietary supplement. Also called hen of the woods.

maitake

an herbal product derived from a mushroom that is native to Japan.
uses It is used as an immunostimulant and as a treatment for diabetes, hypertension, high cholesterol, and obesity. It is probably safe, but there is no reliable information related to efficacy.
contraindications It is not recommended during pregnancy and lactation, in children, or in those with known hypersensitivity until more information is available.

maitake

Herbal medicine
A mushroom (Grifola frondoa) that lowers blood pressure and enhances the immune system by increasing natural killer cell activity, increasing release of interleukin-1 and stimulating cytotoxic T cells; it inhibits growth of experimental tumours.

maitake (mī·täˑ·kē),

n Latin name:
Grifola frondosa; part used: fruiting body (mushroom); uses: adaptogen, chemopreventive effects, immuno-modulator, high blood pressure, diabetes mellitus, cholesterol, obesity, cancer, AIDS; precautions: pregnancy, lactation, children. Also called
dancing mushroom, king of mushrooms, monkey's bench, or
shelf fungi.
References in periodicals archive ?
Some of these basidiomycetes with antihypertensive properties include Lyophyllum decastes, Grifola frondosa, Pleurotus cornucopiae, Pleurotus nebrodensis [5, 9, 13, 24].
8:30 EXTRACTS FROM GANODERMA LUCIDUM, TRAMETES VERSICOLOR, GRIFOLA FRONDOSA, AND LENTINULA EDODES DECREASE XRE-MEDIATED TRANSCRIPTION INDUCED BY B [A] P**, Matthew D.
Beta-glucans, differing in molecular weight, have been isolated from many diverse species like Rhynchelytrum repens, Lentinus edodes, Grifola frondosa, Tremella mesenterica, Tremella aurantia, Zea mays, Agaricus blazei (mushroom), Phellinus buammi, and Saccharomyces cerevisiae (yeast) (Rahar et al.
Acalypha wilkesiana, Acanthopanax gracilistylus, Allium sativum, Ananus comosus, Cissampelos sympodialis, Coriolus versicolor, Curcuma longa, Echinacea purpurea, Grifola frondosa, Harpagophytum procumbens, Panax ginseng, Polygala tenuifolia, Poria cocos, Silybum marianum, Smilax glabra, Tinospora cordifolia, Uncaria tomentosa, and Withania somnifera demonstrate modulation of multiple cytokines.
Selenium enrichment of Plettrotus cornucopiae (Paulet) Rollant and Grifola frondosa (Dicks.
New in the product line is Immune Assist Micron, a special blend of the immune active heteropolysaccharides derived from Cordyceps sinensis, Coriolus versicolor, Agaricus blazei, Grifola frondosa, Ganoderma lucidum and Lentinula edodes in micronized form.
lepida lectin V W * Y * I V * A I * K T D * V * P * R T T Agaricus bisporus lectin E Y Y * G V * P I * R D Q A R E N Q (95-109) Agrocybe aegerita lectin P W * L V E Q R V S D * V * A N Q F (78-92) Flammulina velutipes A Y L V K K I * D F D * Y T P * N W G R G T lectin (9-27) Grifola frondosa lectin N W * P A E M M I D * L K H P I V E M R (29-46) Pholiota aurivella Y S V T T P N S V K G G T N Q G lectin (1-15) Identical amino acid residues are highlighted in boldface and underscored are indicated with *.
The effect enhancement of cytokine production by macrophages stimulated with 1,3 beta D glucan, grifolan, isolated from Grifola frondosa.
The system is able to supply best environmental conditions for cultivation of a large variety of edible mushrooms (Ganoderma lucidum, Grifola frondosa, Hericium erinaceus, Lentinus edodes, Pleurotus eryngii, Pleurotus ostreatus), for better results, in the incubation / fructification room the atmosphere parameters being continuously monitored and set accordingly each variety of mushroom and cultivation phase.
Maitake Grifola frondosa or maitake or hen-of-the-woods is a large, gray, fleshy polypore made up of numerous overlapping caps.
The treated wood chips were used to cultivate lignolytic mushroom-producing, white-rot basidiomycetes of various Pleurotus species and two other fungi, Grifola frondosa and Hericium erinaceus.