greater occipital nerve

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great·er oc·cip·i·tal nerve

[TA]
medial branch of the dorsal primary ramus of the second cervical nerve; sends branches to the semispinalis capitis and multifidus cervicis, but is mainly sensory, supplying the back part of the scalp, meningeal branches to the posterior cranial fossa, and pain and proprioceptive branches to the first cervical nerve for the suboccipital muscles.
Synonym(s): nervus occipitalis major [TA]

great·er oc·cip·i·tal nerve

(grā'tĕr ok-sip'i-tăl nĕrv) [TA]
Medial branch of the dorsal primary ramus of the second cervical nerve; sends branches to the semispinalis capitis and multifidus cervicis, but is mainly sensory, supplying the back part of the scalp, meningeal branches to the posterior cranial fossa, and pain and proprioceptive branches to the first cervical nerve for the suboccipital muscles.

greater occipital nerve

A prominent sensory component of the dorsal ramus of spinal nerve C2. It leaves the spinal canal between the first and second vertebrae and runs up the back of the neck to innervate the skin over the occipital bone of the skull.
Synonym: occipital nerve
See also: nerve

great·er oc·cip·i·tal nerve

(grā'tĕr ok-sip'i-tăl nĕrv) [TA]
Medial branch of the dorsal primary ramus of the second cervical nerve; sends branches to the semispinalis capitis and multifidus cervicis but is mainly sensory, supplying back part of scalp, meningeal branches to the posterior cranial fossa, and pain and proprioceptive branches to first cervical nerve for the suboccipital muscles.
References in periodicals archive ?
In the literature, greater occipital nerve (GON) blocks with local anesthetics and steroids were used in migraine patients, and some benefits in acute migraine and prophylaxis were obtained (3,4,5,6).
Greater occipital nerve blockade in migraine, tension-type headache and cervicogenic headache.
Blocking the greater occipital nerve: utility in headache management.
Greater occipital nerve block for migraine and other headaches: is it useful?
2) Previous evidence indicates that occipital neuralgia affects the greater occipital nerve in 90% of cases, lesser occipital nerve in 10% of cases, and both occipital nerves in 9% of cases.
After non-invasive approaches to the management of his occipital neuralgia failed, bilateral greater occipital nerve blocks conferred symptom relief in a matter of hours.
We performed a greater occipital nerve block with bupivacaine 0.
The investigators proposed that they exert a local effect through the greater occipital nerve.
For reasons that are unclear, greater occipital nerve blocks seem to work well, giving some patients up to 13 days free of cluster headaches, even when their pain (like that of most cluster patients) is not located in the occipital area.
12) Occipital neuralgia is a condition associated with paroxysmal jabbing pain in the distribution of the greater occipital nerves or the third occipital nerve, typically as a result of entrapment of a nerve along it course.
Posteriorly the greater occipital and third occipital nerves (posterior rami of C2 and C3 respectively) extend to the vertex and posterior scalp respectively.

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