great auricular nerve

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great au·ric·u·lar nerve

[TA]
arises as a branch of the cervical plexus, conveying fibers from the ventral primary rami of the second and third cervical spinal nerves; supplies the skin of part of the auricle, adjacent portion of the scalp, and that overlying the angle of the jaw; it also innervates the parotid sheath, conveying from it the pain fibers stimulated by stretching of the sheath during parotitis (mumps).
Synonym(s): nervus auricularis magnus [TA]

great auricular nerve

Etymology: AS, large; L, auricula, little ear, nervus, nerve
one of a pair of cutaneous branches of the cervical plexus, arising from the second and the third cervical nerves. It is distributed to the skin of the face and the skin of the mastoid process. It also communicates with the lesser occipital nerve, the auricular branch of the vagus nerve, and the posterior auricular branch of the facial nerve.

great au·ric·u·lar nerve

(grāt awr-ik'yū-lăr nĕrv) [TA]
Arises from the ventral primary rami of the second and third cervical spinal nerves, supplies the skin of part of the auricle, adjacent portion of the scalp, and that overlying the angle of the jaw; it also innervates the parotid sheath, conveying from it the pain fibers stimulated by stretching of the sheath during parotitis (mumps).
Synonym(s): nervus auricularis magnus [TA] .

great au·ric·u·lar nerve

(grāt awr-ik'yū-lăr nĕrv) [TA]
Arises as branch of cervical plexus, conveying fibers from ventral primary rami of second and third cervical spinal nerves; supplies skin of part of auricle, adjacent portion of scalp, and that overlying angle of jaw; also innervates parotid sheath, conveying from it pain fibers stimulated by stretching of the sheath during parotitis (mumps).
References in periodicals archive ?
The cervical plexus consists of the ventral primary divisions of the first four cervical spinal nerves and gives rise to (1) the muscular branches, including the phrenic nerve and nervus descendens cervicalis, as well as (2) the sensory branches, including the lesser occipital, transverse cutaneous, supraclavicular, and great auricular nerves.
The great auricular nerve is a superficial branch of the cervical plexus, contributed to by fibers from the C2 and C3 spinal nerves.
Great auricular nerve: Anatomy and imaging in a case of perineural tumor spread.
The 2 most common donor nerves for TN repair are the sural and the great auricular nerves.
It may be difficult to obtain a graft longer than 2 to 4 cm from the great auricular nerve.
The nerve was immediately repaired with a great auricular nerve cable graft.
The involved facial nerve was resected and cable-grafted with the right great auricular nerve.
The author hypothesized that the use of this procedure to remove a benign pleomorphic adenoma might result in even less morbidity (transient or permanent facial nerve dysfunction, facial contour disfigurement, Frey's syndrome, and hypoesthesia) without increasing the risk of recurrence if only a 1-cm margin of normal parotid parenchyma was removed and if the posterior branches of the great auricular nerve were preserved.
During parotidectomy, the great auricular nerve, located near the posterior border of the sternocleidomastoid muscle and anterior to the mastoid tip, is often sacrificed at the parotid inferior pole.
During the course of the dissection, the frontal branch of the nerve was transected, and a graft from the ipsilateral great auricular nerve was used to repair it.
created a free osteocutaneous fibula flap to reconstruct the mandible and grafted the great auricular nerve to the facial nerve branches (figure 5).
The patient was offered a laryngeal suspension, cricopharyngeal myotomy, and neurorrhaphy of the great auricular and superior laryngeal nerves, but she declined for personal reasons.