Graves ophthalmopathy


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Graves oph·thal·mop·a·thy

(grāvz),
exophthalmos caused by increased water content of retroocular orbital tissues; associated with thyroid disease, usually hyperthyroidism.

Graves oph·thal·mop·a·thy

(grāvz ofthăl-mopă-thē)
Exophthalmos caused by increased water content of retroocular orbital tissues; associated with thyroid disease, usually hyperthyroidism.

Graves,

Robert James, Irish physician, 1796-1853.
Graves disease - thyroid dysfunction and all or any of its clinical associations. Synonym(s): Basedow disease; Marsh disease; ophthalmic hyperthyroidism; Parry disease
Graves ophthalmopathy - exophthalmos associated with thyroid disease. Synonym(s): endocrine ophthalmopathy; Graves orbitopathy
Graves orbitopathy - Synonym(s): Graves ophthalmopathy

Graves oph·thal·mop·a·thy

(grāvz ofthăl-mopă-thē)
Exophthalmos caused by increased water content of retroocular orbital tissues; associated with thyroid disease, usually hyperthyroidism.
References in periodicals archive ?
Euthyroid and primarily hypothyroid patients develop milder and significantly more asymmetrical Graves ophthalmopathy.
The glucocorticoid receptor gene NR3C1 has been widely studied in other inflammatory and autoimmune diseases, such as cystic fibrosis, asthma, and Graves ophthalmopathy.
Polymorphisms of the glucocorticoid receptor gene in Graves ophthalmopathy.
Graves ophthalmopathy connotes a process clinically characterized by eyelid retraction, proptosis, conjunctival exposure, ocular injection, ocular chemosis, corneal compromise, extraocular muscle infiltration, and fibrosis with the potential for compressive optic neuropathy.
We report an unusual case of radiotherapy-associated Graves ophthalmopathy 5 months after adjuvant external irradiation of the head and neck in a euthyroid patient who had undergone wide local excision of squamous cell carcinoma from the floor of the mouth.
Graves ophthalmopathy is an autoimmune disease in which the volume of both the extraocular muscles and retro-orbital connective tissues is increased.
At diagnosis of Graves hyperthyroidism, approximately 20 to 25% of patients have clinically obvious Graves ophthalmopathy that includes proptosis and periorbital edema, excluding the eye signs of thyroid hormone excess (lid retraction and stare).
Current medical management of Graves ophthalmopathy.
Graves ophthalmopathy usually occurs before or after the onset of hyperthyroidism?
Morgenthaler Thyrotropin receptor autoantibodies are independent risk factors for Graves ophthalmopathy and help to predict severity and outcome of the disease.
Association of thyrotrophin receptor antibodies with the clinical features of Graves ophthalmopathy.
Clinical activity score as a guide in the management of patients with Graves ophthalmopathy.