Our results were in agreement with Vestergaard20 as he reported that GD patients who smoke had a 5 times higher threat of developing Graves' ophthalmopathy
than those who do not smoke.
usually presents as bilateral, symmetrical enlargement of the extraocular muscles associated with increase in retrobulbar fat volume.
Prednisone and cyclosporine in the treatment of severe Graves' ophthalmopathy
Frontoethmoid mucocele complicating Graves' ophthalmopathy
Epidemiology and prevention of Graves' ophthalmopathy
Relationship between disease duration and predominant orbital T cell subset in Graves' ophthalmopathy
Global Markets Direct's, 'Graves' Ophthalmopathy
- Pipeline Review, H1 2016', provides an overview of the Graves' Ophthalmopathy
In addition, up to 40 percent of GD patients exhibit a condition called Graves' ophthalmopathy
(GO), also known as thyroid associated orbitopathy (TAO).
entitled "Cigarette Smoke Extract-Induced Oxidative Stress and Fibrosis-Related Genes Expression in Orbital Fibroblasts from Patients with Graves' Ophthalmopathy
," the authors evaluated some clues for the impact of cigarette smoking on Graves' ophthalmopathy
and offered a theoretical basis for the potential and rational use of antioxidants in treating Graves' ophthalmopathy
Removing the thyroid gland to correct the hormone imbalance does not correct Graves' ophthalmopathy
and thyroid eye disease are terms that are often used interchangeably in the literature, as ocular manifestations of thyroid disease are mostly associated with Graves' disease.
There were no symptoms or signs of Graves' ophthalmopathy