Golgi tendon organs


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Golgi tendon organs

tension sensors in tendons that send afferent impulses to the central nervous system, causing reflex inhibition to counterbalance whatever neural influences, voluntary and reflex, are stimulating the contraction. Thus they guard against excessive tension generation (with potential tearing of muscle or tendon). In less extreme circumstances, which are more common and probably more important, tendon organs interact with muscle spindles to control limb stiffness. First described in 1898 by Camillo Golgi, Italian histologist and Nobel prize winner.