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The study of knowledge and rules of evidence involved. Traditionally a branch of philosophy, it also describes a discipline incorporated in, and in some respects peculiar to, individual fields of scholarship (medicine, science, history, etc.).


The theory, study of, and basis for knowledge; that which investigates the origin, nature, methods, validity and limits of human knowledge.

epistemology (·pisˈ·t·mäˑ·l·jē),

n that branch of philosophy that scrutinizes the nature, foundations, and limits of knowledge.
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In his rhetorical use of aporia, De Quincey often resorts to digressions that sidestep the impasse set up by the frustrations of otherly knowledge-what Mignolo calls gnoseology when it refers to the colonial other, but which here I will use for all Eastern knowledge systems--with vibrant descriptions of his opium-induced hallucinations.
See Ingegno, 162; Bruno here refers to an Aristotelian-Thomist concept in gnoseology see Aquinas, 1959, 3 De anima (c.
15) Karl Rahner, too, even while defending his transcendental gnoseology, ceaselessly sought to show the extent to which historical and hermeneutical consciousness had a deep and lasting effect on meaning and interpretation.
To all appearances, it was only during the first decade of the fifteenth century that tshad ma'i skyes bu became a pivotal concept in a Tibetan understanding of the Buddha and "buddhalogical" gnoseology in connection with the Pramanavarttika's Pramanasiddhi chapter and, most importantly, with the tshad ma enterprise as a whole.