Gnathostoma spinigerum

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Gnath·os·to·ma spi·ni·g'e·rum

a parasite of cats, dogs, and wild carnivores, it has occasionally been found in humans in the Far East; it is transmitted through copepods and fish; human infection is usually confined to the skin, but several cases of eye or brain infection have been reported with wandering larvae of this species.


a genus of spiruroid nematodes of the family Gnathostomatidae.

Gnathostoma doloresi
found in domestic and wild pigs.
Gnathostoma hispidum
adults found in the stomach of pigs and cause gastritis. Larvae migrate through the liver causing hepatitis.
Gnathostoma nipponicum
causes granuloma in the esophagus of weasels.
Gnathostoma spinigerum
found in the stomach of cats, dogs, mink, polecat and wild Carnivora and erratically as a parasite under the skin of humans. Causes damage to liver and other organs while migrating, and establishes large cyst-like structures containing nematodes in the stomach wall.
References in periodicals archive ?
Electron microscopy of the advanced third-stage larvae of Gnathostoma spinigerum.
Albendazole stimulates outward migration of Gnathostoma spinigerum to the dermis in man.
Clinical and epidemiological characteristics of 162 patients with myeloencephalitis probably caused by Gnathostoma spinigerum.
Eosinophilic meningitis due to Gnathostoma spinigerum.
Molecular cloning of a gene encoding matrix metalloproteinase-like protein from Gnathostoma spinigerum.
Morphological variation and abnormality of cephalic hooklets of Gnathostoma spinigerum hepatic stage larvae from laboratory infected mice.
Eosinophilic meningitis and radiculomyelitis in Thailand, caused by CNS invasion of Gnathostoma spinigerum and Angiostrongylus cantonensis.
Two fatal cases of eosinophilic myeloencephalitis a newly recognized disease caused by Gnathostoma spinigerum.
He brought it to HTD, where it was identified as Gnathostoma spinigerum.
Specific antigen of Gnathostoma spinigerum for immunodiagnosis of human gnathostomiasis.
Study of specific IgG subclass antibodies for diagnosis of Gnathostoma spinigerum.
One example is infection with Gnathostoma spinigerum, which is acquired by eating uncooked food infected with the larval third stage of the helminth; such foods typically include fish, shrimp, crab, crayfish, frog, or chicken.