Gnathostoma

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Gnathostoma

(nath-os'tō-mă),
A genus of spiruroid nematode worms (family Gnathostomatidae) characterized by several rows of cuticular spines about the head and by multiple-host aquatic life cycles; it includes pathogenic parasites of cats, cattle, and swine.
[gnatho- + G. stoma, mouth]

Gnathostoma

/Gnath·os·to·ma/ (nah-thos´tah-mah) a genus of nematodes parasitic in cats, swine, cattle, and sometimes humans.

Gnathostoma

[nathos′tomə]
Etymology: Gk, gnathos + stoma, mouth
a genus of parasitic nematodes of the family Gnathostomatidae characterized by distinct jaws. G. spinigerum is parasitic in cats, dogs, and humans after they eat raw fish containing the larvae, causing gnathostomiasis. See also gnathostomiasis.

Gnath·os·to·ma

(nath-os'tō-mă)
A genus of spiruroid nematode worms (family Gnathostomatidae) characterized by several rows of cuticular spines about the head and by multiple-host aquatic life cycles; it includes pathogenic parasites of cats, cattle, and swine.
[gnatho- + G. stoma, mouth]

Gnathostoma

a genus of spiruroid nematodes of the family Gnathostomatidae.

Gnathostoma doloresi
found in domestic and wild pigs.
Gnathostoma hispidum
adults found in the stomach of pigs and cause gastritis. Larvae migrate through the liver causing hepatitis.
Gnathostoma nipponicum
causes granuloma in the esophagus of weasels.
Gnathostoma spinigerum
found in the stomach of cats, dogs, mink, polecat and wild Carnivora and erratically as a parasite under the skin of humans. Causes damage to liver and other organs while migrating, and establishes large cyst-like structures containing nematodes in the stomach wall.