GAPDH

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GAPDH

A gene on chromosome 12p13 that encodes glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase, which has both glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase and nitrosylase activities. It catalyses the reversible
oxidative phosphorylation of glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate in the presence of inorganic phosphate and nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide, an important energy-yielding step in carbohydrate metabolism. GADPH participates in nuclear events, including transcription, RNA transport, DNA replication and apoptosis.
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Enhanced expression of a glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase gene in human lung cancers.
We also quantified the transcripts of the housekeeping gene glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (GAPDH) as an endogenous control to normalize each sample using sense and antisense primers, 5' CCA TCA CCA TCT TCC AGG AGC 3' (positions 278-298) and 5' GGA TGA TGT TCT GGA GAG CC 3' (positions 663-682), respectively (Tokunaga et al.
These gene variants, also referred to as single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs), are in genes for an enzyme involved in glucose metabolism called glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (GAPD).
cDNA was amplified and compared to the housekeeping gene, glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (GAPDH).
hexokinase (HK), glucose-6-phosphate isomerase (GPI), phospho-fructokinase (PFK), fructose-bisphosphate aldolase (FBA), triosphosphate isomerase (TIM), glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (GAPDH), phosphoglycerate kinase (PGK), phosphoglycerate mutase (IPGM), enolase and pyruvate kinase (PK) were isolated.
An assay to amplify both for SMN1 exon 7 and glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (GAPDH) was developed in conjunction with EraGen Biosciences and reactions were based on standard protocols (23).
PCR primers for rat glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (G3PDH), IL-1, IL-6, TNF-[Alpha], IL-2, and IFN-[Gamma] were purchased commercially from Clontech (Palo Alto, CA); PCR primers for rat IL-4 and IL-5 were synthesized by the core facility of the Human Studies Division at the U.
pyogenes grown in the presence of rhodomyrtone produced reduced amounts of known virulence factors, such as the glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase, the CAMP factor, and the streptococcal pyrogenic exotoxin C.
Nicotinamide may use other mechanisms to preserve cellular energy metabolism that could depend upon glycolytic metabolism mediated by glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (Kaanders et al.
We determined DNA concentrations by use of real-time PCR (TagMan(r)) measurement of copies of the glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (GAPDH)5 gene on a Perkin-Elmer Applied Biosystems 7700 Sequence Detector as described (19).
The parallel expression of glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (GAPDH) mRNA was tested under the same PCR conditions as an internal standard.