ginkgo

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ginkgo

 [ging´ko]
the dried leaves of the deciduous tree Ginkgo biloba, used for symptomatic relief of brain dysfunction, for intermittent claudication, and for tinnitus and vertigo of vascular origin.

ginkgo

/gink·go/ (ging´ko) the dried leaves of the deciduous tree Ginkgo biloba, used for symptomatic relief of brain dysfunction, for intermittent claudication, and for tinnitus and vertigo of vascular origin; also used in traditional Chinese medicine and in homeopathy.

ginkgo

also

gingko

(gĭng′kō)
n. pl. gink·goes also ging·koes
A deciduous, dioecious tree (Ginkgo biloba) native to China and having fan-shaped leaves used in herbal medicine. The female plants bear foul-smelling fleshy fruitlike structures containing edible seeds used in East Asian cuisine, while the male plants are often grown as ornamental street trees. Also called maidenhair tree.

ginkgo

an herbal product harvested from a tree that is native to China and Japan.
uses It is used for poor circulation, diabetes, vascular disease, cancer, inflammatory disorders, impotence, and degenerative nerve conditions. It is also used for age-related declines in cognition and memory. Ginkgo is generally considered to have some efficacy against dementia, sometimes estimated as being equivalent to a 6-month delay in disease progression.
contraindications It is contraindicated in people with coagulation or platelet disorders or hemophilia, in children, and in those with known hypersensitivity to this product.

ginkgo

Alternative pharmacology
A tall tree native to China, the leaves of which have terpenoid derivatives known as ginkgolides A, B and C, as well as bilobalide and proanthocyanidins; as a group, these compounds have anticoagulant activity, act as free radical scavengers, increase the peripheral blood flow and are thought by some to slow age-associated memory impairment. The kernals are known in traditional Chinese medicine as bai guo, Salisburia adiantifolia, white nut, ying hsing and ying xing; the root is designated bai guo gen.
 
Chinese medicine
Gingko roots and kernels (with greater potency in the latter) are anthelmintic, antitussive, astringent, cardiotonic and sedative; gingko is used to treat alcoholic binges, asthma, bladder infections, cough, gonorrhoea and tuberculosis. 

Herbal medicine
Gingko is used to increase cerebral blood flow, prevent blood clots, mood swings, tinnitus and vertigo, and may be effective in asthma and phlebitis.
 
Mainstream medicine
Mainstream pharmacologic research has shown gingkolides to be effective in treating cerebrovascular insufficiency, which causes lacunar defects of memory, migraines, strokes and vertigo.

Ginkgo

—An herb from the Ginkgo biloba tree that some alternative practitioners recommend for the prevention and treatment of AD.
Mentioned in: Alzheimer's Disease

Patient discussion about ginkgo

Q. Have food supplements like Ginkgo Biloba been proven to delay memory disorders?

A. Many people are interested in the health benefits of food supplements, hoping that natural substances can have the same efficacy as drugs. The answer to this specific question is NO. A recent study that was published after testing 3,000 people has shown no difference between those who took Ginkgo and those who didn’t. There is no food supplement, including Ginkgo Biloba that was scientifically proved to have the capacity to prevent or delay Dementia. Eating Romaine lattice, broccoli, cauliflower, and spinach have shown good results. Fish with Omega 3 have shown good results too.

More discussions about ginkgo
References in periodicals archive ?
Protective effects of Ginkgo biloba extract on the lung injury of dogs undergoing hypothermic cardiopulmonary bypass.
Effect of ginkgo biloba extract on recovery after facial nerve crush injury in the rat.
For the ceremony, Feeney's Nursery had donated a young ginkgo tree and two workers, who trimmed burlap from its base and readied the soil.
He said the ginkgo tree would grow as a flourishing tribute to our dead classmate.
Slow growing and a little spindly at first, ginkgos gradually reach 35 to 40 feet or taller with an equal spread.
Today ginkgos are known for the medicinal qualities they are thought to provide.
Ginkgos bloom at night and drop the blossoms rapidly, a fact not lost on ancient poets and sages.
In certain of these and other studies Ginkgo is used as the outgroup for the conifer clade (Hart, 1987), appearing as either unresolved or between cordaites and conifers in other studies (Crane, 1985, 1988; Doyle & Donoghue, 1986).
seed abscission, and seed germination of Ginkgo in cultivation; (2)
report the results of a germination experiment utilizing Ginkgo seeds
1984), Ginkgo biloba (Del Tredici, 1992), Sequoia sempervirens (Del Tredici, 1998b), Quercus suber (Molinas & Verdaguer, 1993), and Arbutus unedo (Sealy, 1949).
Natural regeneration of Ginkgo biloba from downward growing cotyledonary buds (basal chichi).