Gilles de la Tourette's syndrome


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Related to Gilles de la Tourette's syndrome: Tourette’s syndrome, Turrets syndrome

Gilles de la Tourette's syndrome

[zhēl′də lä too͡rets′]
Etymology: George Gilles de la Tourette, French neurologist, 1857-1927
an abnormal condition characterized by facial grimaces, vocalizations, tics, and involuntary arm and shoulder movements. In adolescence the condition worsens. The patient may grunt, snort, and shout involuntarily. Coprolalia can develop. In adulthood the condition usually lessens and tends to wax and wane. Treatment with dopamine antagonists has been found to be very effective. Also called Tourette's syndrome. See also aboiement.

Gilles de la Tourette's syndrome

A major TIC featuring involuntary body movements such as grimaces, shrugs, twitches and jerks, and the uncontrollable emission of cough-like sounds, barks or grunts and sometimes compulsive utterances, usually of an obscene nature (coprolalia). Effective treatment with drugs is possible. It seems probable that Dr Samuel Johnson, subject of Boswell's great biography, suffered from this syndrome. (George Edouard Albert Brutus Gilles de la Tourette, 1855–1909, French neurologist).