German chamomile


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.

chamomile

Ayurvedic medicine
Chamomile has been used for women’s complaints, indigestion and colicky children.

Herbal medicine
An annual herb, the flowers of which contain choline, coumarins (e.g., umbelliferone), cyanogenic glycosides, flavonoids (e.g., rutin), salicylate derivatives, tannins and volatile oils (e.g., bisabolol and chamazulene). Chamomile is administered as a tea, extract, tincture or ointment. German chamomile tea is analgesic, anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial, antispasmodic, anxiolytic, carminative, expectorant and sedative; it has been used to treat acne, anxiety, asthma, bacterial and fungal infections, colicky infants, diarrhoea, flatulence, gout, headaches, indigestion, insomnia, irritable bowel, menstrual cramping, pruritus, rheumatic disease and sciatica. In Russia, Roman chamomile is used for colds, gastric complaints, colitis, as a sedative gargle, and topically for eczema and inflammation.

Most herbalists use German chamomile and Roman chamomile interchangeably.
 
Homeopathy
See Chamomilla.
  
Pseudomedicine
An essence in the pseudoscience of flower therapy which is believed to balance emotions, calm nerves and brighten moods.

German chamomile

An annually flowering member of the aster family (Matricaria recutita). Teas made from the flower are used as a mild sedative, an astringent, a cosmetic hair rinse, an analgesic, and an antispasmodic in the treatment of colic, indegestion, and irritable bowel syndrome, . Oils extracted from the plant are used in alternative and complementary medicine to relieve itch. Some people are sensitive to the plant's oilsand may develop contact dermatitis after exposure. Synonym: wild chamomile
See also: chamomile
References in periodicals archive ?
German chamomile is a popular herb and although there is limited research investigating its efficacy, it has a 'household' reputation for enhancing sleep.
Effects of planting date and seedling age on agro- morphological characteristics, essential oil content and composition of German chamomile (Matricaria chamomilla L.
The German chamomile should be harvested when most of flowers have been grown.
Gaia's Children's Skin Cream for Babies Bottoms contains calendula and German Chamomile among other herbs and essential oils.
Add five drops of German chamomile essential oil, five drops of lavender and three drops of sandalwood essential oil to this base.
Johns wort, ginkgo biloba, german chamomile flowers, and blackberry leaves.
ALLPLANT ESSENCE[TM] new flavors including German Chamomile, Thyme, Oregano, Incense Cedar, and Bay Laurel
The antipruritic effects of the diets containing German chamomile on the compound 48/80-induced scratching in ddY mice were examined.
Other herbs deemed useful for skin inflammation when used topically are arnica and German chamomile.
German chamomile is often referred to by its Latin name Matricaria, which suggests its use as a gynecological herb.
Yarrow, hyssop, lemon verbena, calendula, German chamomile, clove, pineapple sage, betony, stevia, thyme, and lavender.