German chamomile


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chamomile

Ayurvedic medicine
Chamomile has been used for women’s complaints, indigestion and colicky children.

Herbal medicine
An annual herb, the flowers of which contain choline, coumarins (e.g., umbelliferone), cyanogenic glycosides, flavonoids (e.g., rutin), salicylate derivatives, tannins and volatile oils (e.g., bisabolol and chamazulene). Chamomile is administered as a tea, extract, tincture or ointment. German chamomile tea is analgesic, anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial, antispasmodic, anxiolytic, carminative, expectorant and sedative; it has been used to treat acne, anxiety, asthma, bacterial and fungal infections, colicky infants, diarrhoea, flatulence, gout, headaches, indigestion, insomnia, irritable bowel, menstrual cramping, pruritus, rheumatic disease and sciatica. In Russia, Roman chamomile is used for colds, gastric complaints, colitis, as a sedative gargle, and topically for eczema and inflammation.

Most herbalists use German chamomile and Roman chamomile interchangeably.
 
Homeopathy
See Chamomilla.
  
Pseudomedicine
An essence in the pseudoscience of flower therapy which is believed to balance emotions, calm nerves and brighten moods.

German chamomile

An annually flowering member of the aster family (Matricaria recutita). Teas made from the flower are used as a mild sedative, an astringent, a cosmetic hair rinse, an analgesic, and an antispasmodic in the treatment of colic, indegestion, and irritable bowel syndrome, . Oils extracted from the plant are used in alternative and complementary medicine to relieve itch. Some people are sensitive to the plant's oilsand may develop contact dermatitis after exposure. Synonym: wild chamomile
See also: chamomile
References in periodicals archive ?
German chamomile is a popular herb and although there is limited research investigating its efficacy, it has a 'household' reputation for enhancing sleep.
Recent RCTs show promise for both German chamomile and passionflower in improving insomnia disorder in adults, although further research is warranted to elucidate the dosage for German chamomile, and to explore safety and efficacy of methanol extraction processes for passionflower.
Furthermore, evidence has demonstrated the safety of valerian, hops, German chamomile and passionflower which is reassuring, particularly in light of high utilisation.
The German chamomile should be harvested when most of flowers have been grown.
Using this kind of harvester, the German chamomile would have very ideal quality and without weeds.
2 w/w % of the ethyl acetate extract of dried flower of German chamomile (Matricaria recutita L.
In this report, we examined the antipruritic effect of German chamomile extract using the compound 48/80-induced scratching model in ddY mice.
One of the groups was fed the standard powder diet (control group) and the other groups were fed the powder diet containing the fine powder or the extracts of German chamomile flower prepared as described bellow.
Process for preparing the test samples of German chamomile flower
The dried flowers of German chamomile were ground to fine powder by the use of rotor speed mill (pulversette 14, Fritsch Ltd.
If you have an ailment, a group of historically used herbs to suit your needs might consist of: yarrow, oxknee, sweet flag, calamus, snow on the mountain, hyssop, lady's mantel, garden chive, marsh mallow, lemon verbena, chamomile, American arnica, mugwort, French tarragon, pleurisy root, New England aster, false indigo, wild indigo, calendula, German chamomile, costmary, black cohosh, coneflower, rattlesnake master, hemp agrimony, Joe pye weed, Queen of the Meadow, bronze fennel, sweet woodruff, lady bedstraw, bigfoot geranium, ginkgo tree, Russian licorice, Japanese blood grass, chameleon plant, St.