genotype

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genotype

 [jen″o-tīp]
1. the entire genetic constitution of an individual; also, the alleles present at one or more specific loci.
2. the type species of a genus. adj., adj genotyp´ic.

gen·o·type

(jen'ō-tīp),
1. The genetic constitution of an individual.
2. Gene combination at one specific locus or any specified combination of loci. For specific blood group genotypes, see Blood Groups Appendix.
[G. genos, birth, descent, + typos, type]

genotype

/ge·no·type/ (-tīp)
1. the entire genetic constitution of an individual; also, the alleles present at one or more specific loci.
2. the type species of a genus.genotyp´ic

genotype

(jĕn′ə-tīp′, jē′nə-)
n.
1. The genetic makeup, as distinguished from the physical appearance, of an organism or a group of organisms.
2. The combination of alleles located on homologous chromosomes that determines a specific characteristic or trait.
3. A specific combination of alleles at one or more loci on a chromosome.

gen′o·typ′ic (-tĭp′ĭk), gen′o·typ′i·cal adj.
gen′o·typ′i·cal·ly adv.

genotype

[jē′nōtīp′]
Etymology: Gk, genos, birth, typos, mark
1 the complete genetic constitution of an organism or group, as determined by the specific combination and location of the genes on the chromosomes.
2 the alleles situated at one or more sites on homologous chromosomes. A pair of alleles is usually designated by letters or symbols, such as AA when the alleles are identical and Aa when they are different.
3 a group or class of organisms having the same genetic makeup; the type species of a genus. Compare phenotype. genotypic, adj.

genotype

Genetics The entire genetic makeup of an organism, the type species of a genus, defined by the complement of allelic forms of each gene or genetic markers present in an organism's genome. See Gene, Genetic marker, Nucleus, Phenotype.

gen·o·type

(jē'nō-tīp)
1. The genetic constitution of an individual.
2. Gene combination at one specific locus or any specified combination of loci.
[G. genos, birth, descent, + typos, type]

genotype

1. The total genetic information contained in a cell.
2. The genetic constitution of an individual organism. Compare PHENOTYPE.

genotype

the genetic constitution of an individual, usually referring to specific CHARACTERS under consideration. Thus, the two alleles of the human albino gene can be written A and a , with three possible genotypes: a/a, A/a and A/A. See DOMINANCE (1) for the expression of the genotype in the PHENOTYPE.

genotype

genetic make-up of an individual

genotype (jēˑ·nō·tīp),

n an organism's genetic makeup.

genotype

The complete genetic constitution of an individual at a particular location (locus) in the genome. At many locations (loci) throughout the genome, the chromosomal DNA sequence differs subtly between individuals. Each of the various DNA sequences at one locus is called an allele: for instance, if there are three sequence variants present, then there are three alleles. Offspring inherit one homologous chromosome from each parent. Thus, a genotype comprises two alleles: the allele inherited from the father (carried on the paternal chromosome) and the allele inherited from the mother (carried on the maternal chromosome). See gene; phenotype.

gen·o·type

(jē'nō-tīp)
1. The genetic constitution of an individual.
2. Gene combination at one specific locus or any specified combination of loci.
[G. genos, birth, descent, + typos, type]

genotype (jē´nōtīp),

n the aggregate of ordered genes received by offspring from both parents; e.g., a person with blood group AB is of genotype AB.

genotype

1. the entire genetic constitution of an individual; also, the alleles present at one or more specific loci.
2. the type species of a genus.

genotype frequency
the proportion of the population which have the same genetic constitution.
References in periodicals archive ?
2) Use the DNA to obtain 54,609 genotypes from each animal.
It was found that for treatment-naive patients, 76 percent with genotype 1, 88 percent with genotype 2 and 67 percent with genotype 3 were cured.
Operating a hulless barley genotypes of six genotypes: EHBYTM81-1, 2, 5, 7, 11, 18 The main plot factor and seed rate were on three levels: 400, 450 and 500 seeds per square meter plots.
Two genotypes of dengue virus serotype 4 in northern Brazil.
Although the cause of these incidents still needs to be determined, the zoonotic transmission of HEV, especially genotypes 3 and 4, was proposed because non-human primates, swine, sheep, cows, goats and rodents may serve as reservoirs for HEV (8).
Individuals who have the TT genotype for MTHFR (about 5%-15% of the population) tend to have high homocysteine levels because of a reduction in the activity of the enzyme.
Most of these methods, however, are labor-intensive, complex to standardize, and/or ineffective for determining multiple HCV genotypes in an experimental setup.
In particular, men whose blood carried a high load of genotype C of hepatitis B virus faced a 27-fold higher risk of developing cancer, compared with men with a low load of one of the virus' other genotypes, Yu and her colleagues report in the Feb.
In a retrospective study aimed at determining the effect of genotype on treatment effectiveness and on the development of genetic mutations during treatment, Dr.
The Gene Librarian(TM) HBV module contains reference sequences for genotypes A to F while surface antigen mutations in this region can also be detected.
For example, ALAD genotype is known to influence blood lead concentrations, and VDR genotype is known to influence lead concentrations in blood, bone, and soft tissues.
The 2009 FDA guidance for industry and FDA staff recommends new HPV test manufacturers consider analytical evaluation of the test on the most clinically relevant non-vaccine targeted HPV genotypes because the most clinically relevant HPV genotypes are expected to shift over time among HPV vaccinated individuals in the United States.