Knowledge of genotype-by-environment interaction
presenting valuable information in plant breeding studies can help plant breeders to reduce the cost of extensive genotype evaluation by eliminating unnecessary testing sites (Letta, 2009).
The genotype-by-environment interaction
(GEI) is a universal issue that relates to all living organisms, from bacteria to plants to humans (Kang, 2004).
Expressed in yet another way, the central concept of genotype-by-environment interaction
is that of conditionality.
Pattern analysis of genotype-by-environment interaction
for grain yield in durum wheat.
As different behaviors were observed inbred lines according to the environments, indicated by the significant genotype-by-environment interaction
, selection for specific environments was practicable for most traits.
Kang MS (1998) Using genotype-by-environment interaction
for crop cultivar development.
The potential importance of epistasis and genotype-by-environment interaction
generally is recognized to be relevant to ecological-genetic questions, but the difficulty in determining their significance and estimating their magnitude often precludes including them in ecological-genetic studies (Barker 1974, 1979; Hedrick et al.
This type of genotype-by-environment interaction
will occur whenever the effect of the maternal phenotype (the environment) on the offspring phenotype is dependent on the genotype of the offspring.
Genotype and genotype-by-environment interaction
effects for grain yield and grain size of quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa Willd.
and the genetic covariance between environments: Multilocus genetics.
A selection strategy to accommodate genotype-by-environment interaction
for grain yield of wheat: Managed-environments for selection among genotypes.
Environmental variation, genotype-by-environment interaction
, life-history characters, maternal effects, Mimulus guttatus, natural selection, phenotypic plasticity.