Genotype-by-environment interaction is clearly driven by disease and salinity.
In the current study, differences in performance across sites for the same line are environmental effects, and the interaction between the site and the line is a genotype-by-environment interaction (G x E).
As different behaviors were observed inbred lines according to the environments, indicated by the significant genotype-by-environment interaction, selection for specific environments was practicable for most traits.
g]), the variance of genotype-by-environment interaction ([[sigma].
Although there are significant genotype-by-environment interactions, genetic gains for nutrient use efficiency under low availability can be obtained by selecting the most efficient in ideal farming situations.
Expressed in yet another way, the central concept of genotype-by-environment interaction is that of conditionality.
As additional research begins to clarify how specific genetic variants contribute to risk for AUDs, greater cross-talk between the twin literature, gene-identification studies, and studies testing for measured genotype-by-environment interactions will be critical to producing a more systematic research program aimed at understanding gene-by-environment effects for this critical and socially important condition.
Genotype-by-environment interactions can result from differential fitness of genotypes across environments, but also from environmental-related differences in fitness of individuals.
To this end, I performed a reciprocal-transplant experiment in the field and a greenhouse experiment using seed families (genotypes) from four demes to estimate genotype-by-environment interactions in establishment of individuals.
To test for genotype-by-environment interactions in seed germination and seedling survival I performed a reciprocal-transplant experiment between sites in native and degraded-forest habitats.
Crop systems dynamics; an ecophysiological simulation model of genotype-by-environment interactions