genome

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genome

 [je´nōm]
the complete set of genes, hereditary factors contained in the haploid set of chromosomes; the human genome has an estimated 30,000 to 40,000 genes. adj., adj genom´ic.

ge·nome

(je'nōm, -nom),
1. A complete set of chromosomes derived from one parent, the haploid number of a gamete.
See also: Human Genome Project.
2. The total gene complement of a set of chromosomes found in higher life forms (the haploid set in a eukaryotic cell), or the functionally similar but simpler linear arrangements found in bacteria and viruses.
See also: Human Genome Project.
[gene + -ome, suffix denoting a defined system or microcosm, fr. G. -ōma, noun suffix]

genome

/ge·nome/ (je´nōm) the complete set of hereditary factors contained in the haploid set of chromosomes.genom´ic

genome

(jē′nōm′)
n.
1. The total genetic content contained in a haploid set of chromosomes in eukaryotes, in a single chromosome in bacteria or archaea, or in the DNA or RNA of viruses.
2. An organism's genetic material.

ge·no′mic (-nō′mĭk) adj.

genome

[jē′nōm]
Etymology: Gk, genein, to produce
the complete set of genes in the chromosomes of each cell of a specific organism. genomic, adj.

genome

Genetic structure Genetics All the genetic information in an organism's chromosomes and mitochondria; its size is given in base pairs. See Base pair, Chromosome, Mitochondrial genome, Nuclear genome.

ge·nome

(jē'nōm)
1. A complete set of chromosomes derived from one parent, the haploid number of a gamete.
2. The total gene complement of a set of chromosomes found in higher life forms (the haploid set in a eukaryotic cell), or the functionally similar but simpler linear arrangements found in bacteria and viruses.
See also: Human Genome Project
[G. genos, birth + (chromos) ome]

genome

The complete set of CHROMOSOMES, together with the MITOCHONDRIAL DNA, containing the entire genetic material of the cell.

genome

the complete complement of genetic material in a cell, or carried by an individual.

Genome

The genetic makeup of a cell, composed of DNA.
Mentioned in: Malignant Melanoma

genome

total gene complement of a set of chromosomes

genome

The complete set of genes in an individual. In humans it is estimated at approximately 30 000 genes and over three billion base pairs (two nucleotides joined together across a double helix) of DNA.

ge·nome

(jē'nōm)
Complete set of chromosomes derived from one parent; haploid number of a gamete.

genome (jē´nōm),

n the total gene complement of a set of chromosomes found in higher life forms.
genome, human,
n the complete set of genes in the chromosomes of each cell.

genome

all of the genes carried by a gamete, i.e. the complete set of hereditary factors contained in the chromosomal DNA. For some viruses, the genome is RNA.

diploid genome
having two genetically identical RNA molecules of RNA, characteristic of retroviruses.
integrated genome
the integration of the viral DNA into the cellular DNA of the host, as occurs in some kinds of persistent infections and the induction of tumors.
segmented genome
the genome is composed of separate segments. A characteristic of some viruses.
References in periodicals archive ?
Their task was to use genomic sequencing to distinguish cancerous from normal DNA.
It enables us to offer a flexible solution for processing and managing genomic sequencing data to our customers.
This is anticipated to be linked to the growth of genomic sequencing segment owing to the rapidly growing market adoption of whole genome sequencing and is expected to drive demand for the overall market throughout the forecast period.
The emergence of the contractor in the supply and installation of the system to a highly-efficient genomic sequencing equipment, on the mcb project, co-financed by the eu under the erdf opie for mcb, jagiellonian university, ul.
Therefore, new methods based on complete genomic sequencing will be needed to use genomic information for individual health care in the most effective manner possible.
Courtagen is committed to building a dynamic life sciences company leveraging our unparalleled breadth and depth of expertise in genomic sequencing and proteomic platforms," said Brian McKernan, Chief Executive Officer of Courtagen Life Sciences.
Avere Systems, a leading provider of enterprise storage for the hybrid cloud, today announced that the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has selected Avere to help scale datacenter performance and capacity for its new genomic sequencing environment.
Aimed at university audiences and professional researchers, the articles cover molecular genetics, genomic organization and evolution, genomes of model organisms, genomic sequencing, genetic engineering, and gene medicine and disease.
Genomic sequencing libraries will therefore have to be prepared from mixtures of both single- and double-stranded DNA and RNA viruses (the latter generated by reverse transcription).
Advanced cluster and workload management capabilities allow for optimized throughput and fair resource sharing for genomic sequencing jobs
Biggs oversees the largest human genomic sequencing facility in the world.
Planning to map 100,000 human genomes by 2017, the Government, has approved genomic sequencing deals with Illumina, the Wellcome Trust and the Medical Research Council.