genome

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genome

 [je´nōm]
the complete set of genes, hereditary factors contained in the haploid set of chromosomes; the human genome has an estimated 30,000 to 40,000 genes. adj., adj genom´ic.

ge·nome

(je'nōm, -nom),
1. A complete set of chromosomes derived from one parent, the haploid number of a gamete.
See also: Human Genome Project.
2. The total gene complement of a set of chromosomes found in higher life forms (the haploid set in a eukaryotic cell), or the functionally similar but simpler linear arrangements found in bacteria and viruses.
See also: Human Genome Project.
[gene + -ome, suffix denoting a defined system or microcosm, fr. G. -ōma, noun suffix]

genome

/ge·nome/ (je´nōm) the complete set of hereditary factors contained in the haploid set of chromosomes.genom´ic

genome

(jē′nōm′)
n.
1. The total genetic content contained in a haploid set of chromosomes in eukaryotes, in a single chromosome in bacteria or archaea, or in the DNA or RNA of viruses.
2. An organism's genetic material.

ge·no′mic (-nō′mĭk) adj.

genome

[jē′nōm]
Etymology: Gk, genein, to produce
the complete set of genes in the chromosomes of each cell of a specific organism. genomic, adj.

genome

Genetic structure Genetics All the genetic information in an organism's chromosomes and mitochondria; its size is given in base pairs. See Base pair, Chromosome, Mitochondrial genome, Nuclear genome.

ge·nome

(jē'nōm)
1. A complete set of chromosomes derived from one parent, the haploid number of a gamete.
2. The total gene complement of a set of chromosomes found in higher life forms (the haploid set in a eukaryotic cell), or the functionally similar but simpler linear arrangements found in bacteria and viruses.
See also: Human Genome Project
[G. genos, birth + (chromos) ome]

genome

The complete set of CHROMOSOMES, together with the MITOCHONDRIAL DNA, containing the entire genetic material of the cell.

genome

the complete complement of genetic material in a cell, or carried by an individual.

Genome

The genetic makeup of a cell, composed of DNA.
Mentioned in: Malignant Melanoma

genome

total gene complement of a set of chromosomes

genome

The complete set of genes in an individual. In humans it is estimated at approximately 30 000 genes and over three billion base pairs (two nucleotides joined together across a double helix) of DNA.

ge·nome

(jē'nōm)
Complete set of chromosomes derived from one parent; haploid number of a gamete.

genome (jē´nōm),

n the total gene complement of a set of chromosomes found in higher life forms.
genome, human,
n the complete set of genes in the chromosomes of each cell.

genome

all of the genes carried by a gamete, i.e. the complete set of hereditary factors contained in the chromosomal DNA. For some viruses, the genome is RNA.

diploid genome
having two genetically identical RNA molecules of RNA, characteristic of retroviruses.
integrated genome
the integration of the viral DNA into the cellular DNA of the host, as occurs in some kinds of persistent infections and the induction of tumors.
segmented genome
the genome is composed of separate segments. A characteristic of some viruses.
References in periodicals archive ?
The funding in the Victorian Budget 2017/18 will mean that more Victorian kids with rare conditions will be able to access this life-changing technology through the public health system, rather than through the genomic sequencing research project.
In summary, clinical laboratories are poised to move forward with advances made possible by genomic sequencing technologies that will form the foundation for much of patient care in a more-efficient manner than ever before.
Their task was to use genomic sequencing to distinguish cancerous from normal DNA.
It enables us to offer a flexible solution for processing and managing genomic sequencing data to our customers.
According to the company, this unique set of indices provides the largest set of commercially available, single indices for high-throughput genomic sequencing applications, enabling users to reliably multiplex up to 96 single-indexed samples and 768 dual-indexed samples per run.
The Andrews Labor Government is investing $25 million in the genomic sequencing capability project which will see around 2000 Victorians access genomic sequencing tests over four years.
Genomic sequencing examines the complete DNA blueprint of the cells, and exome sequencing is a strategy to selectively sequence exons, the short stretches of DNA within our genomes that code for proteins.
Therefore, new methods based on complete genomic sequencing will be needed to use genomic information for individual health care in the most effective manner possible.
Courtagen is committed to building a dynamic life sciences company leveraging our unparalleled breadth and depth of expertise in genomic sequencing and proteomic platforms," said Brian McKernan, Chief Executive Officer of Courtagen Life Sciences.
M2 PHARMA-July 31, 2017-Veracyte Presents Pivotal Clinical Validation Data for Afirma Genomic Sequencing Classifier
More Victorians with genetic conditions will receive quicker diagnoses and better care thanks to the Andrews Labor Governments $25 million investment in the states genomic sequencing capability project.
Metanome has offered genomic sequencing services in support of Seres Health's R&D and clinical programmes.