genome

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genome

 [je´nōm]
the complete set of genes, hereditary factors contained in the haploid set of chromosomes; the human genome has an estimated 30,000 to 40,000 genes. adj., adj genom´ic.

ge·nome

(je'nōm, -nom),
1. A complete set of chromosomes derived from one parent, the haploid number of a gamete.
See also: Human Genome Project.
2. The total gene complement of a set of chromosomes found in higher life forms (the haploid set in a eukaryotic cell), or the functionally similar but simpler linear arrangements found in bacteria and viruses.
See also: Human Genome Project.
[gene + -ome, suffix denoting a defined system or microcosm, fr. G. -ōma, noun suffix]

genome

/ge·nome/ (je´nōm) the complete set of hereditary factors contained in the haploid set of chromosomes.genom´ic

genome

(jē′nōm′)
n.
1. The total genetic content contained in a haploid set of chromosomes in eukaryotes, in a single chromosome in bacteria or archaea, or in the DNA or RNA of viruses.
2. An organism's genetic material.

ge·no′mic (-nō′mĭk) adj.

genome

[jē′nōm]
Etymology: Gk, genein, to produce
the complete set of genes in the chromosomes of each cell of a specific organism. genomic, adj.

genome

Genetic structure Genetics All the genetic information in an organism's chromosomes and mitochondria; its size is given in base pairs. See Base pair, Chromosome, Mitochondrial genome, Nuclear genome.

ge·nome

(jē'nōm)
1. A complete set of chromosomes derived from one parent, the haploid number of a gamete.
2. The total gene complement of a set of chromosomes found in higher life forms (the haploid set in a eukaryotic cell), or the functionally similar but simpler linear arrangements found in bacteria and viruses.
See also: Human Genome Project
[G. genos, birth + (chromos) ome]

genome

The complete set of CHROMOSOMES, together with the MITOCHONDRIAL DNA, containing the entire genetic material of the cell.

genome

the complete complement of genetic material in a cell, or carried by an individual.

Genome

The genetic makeup of a cell, composed of DNA.
Mentioned in: Malignant Melanoma

genome

total gene complement of a set of chromosomes

genome

The complete set of genes in an individual. In humans it is estimated at approximately 30 000 genes and over three billion base pairs (two nucleotides joined together across a double helix) of DNA.

ge·nome

(jē'nōm)
Complete set of chromosomes derived from one parent; haploid number of a gamete.

genome (jē´nōm),

n the total gene complement of a set of chromosomes found in higher life forms.
genome, human,
n the complete set of genes in the chromosomes of each cell.

genome

all of the genes carried by a gamete, i.e. the complete set of hereditary factors contained in the chromosomal DNA. For some viruses, the genome is RNA.

diploid genome
having two genetically identical RNA molecules of RNA, characteristic of retroviruses.
integrated genome
the integration of the viral DNA into the cellular DNA of the host, as occurs in some kinds of persistent infections and the induction of tumors.
segmented genome
the genome is composed of separate segments. A characteristic of some viruses.
References in periodicals archive ?
Two major factors contributing to genomic sequence quality are per-base accuracy and contiguity of the assembly.
Thus, to ascertain the correct sequence the investigators first directed their efforts at obtaining the genomic sequence of the correct PKD1 gene and then used this information to identify the correct cDNAs encoded by the PKD1 locus.
However, the inherent dynamics of hybridization coupled with the incomplete nature of genomic sequence information create the potential for imprecision and/or error in a transcript profiling experiment even before the assay is run.
Government agency responsible for administration and processing of IP in Canada to use GenomeQuest as genomic sequence knowledge source for biotech patent examiners
After two years of intensive efforts by an international consortium of researchers, the Brown Norway rat (Rattus norvegicus) joins the human and the mouse as the third mammalian genomic sequence to be completed.
The viral genomic sequence data and high-titer neutralizing antibody to CVV in the patient's convalescent-phase serum confirmed this case to be an acute CVV infection.
1995 Meningococcal Disease, scientists from Europe and the US summarize current information about the epidemiology of the worldwide disease, its population biology, options to combat it by vaccination, the basic biology of the meningococcus as revealed by genomic sequence data, cell biology, and clinical and public health management.
This finding suggests either a high level of viral genomic sequence stability over time or the circulation of ONNV strains across Africa, which has given rise to a mixing of ONNV strains from different origins in the same areas.
These efforts have now determined the complete genomic sequence of 1 virus and partial sequences from 4 others.
International contributors provide an overview of structural proteomics, from basic discovery to practical application; offer guidance on using structural information to decipher the relationship between genomic sequence and function; and examine and explain state-of-the-art analytical and computational methods.
Genomic Sequence Increases Usefulness of RCT's Pichia Platform, Including Improvements to Produce Human Glycoproteins in Pichia GlycoSwitch[TM]