genome

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genome

 [je´nōm]
the complete set of genes, hereditary factors contained in the haploid set of chromosomes; the human genome has an estimated 30,000 to 40,000 genes. adj., adj genom´ic.

ge·nome

(je'nōm, -nom),
1. A complete set of chromosomes derived from one parent, the haploid number of a gamete.
See also: Human Genome Project.
2. The total gene complement of a set of chromosomes found in higher life forms (the haploid set in a eukaryotic cell), or the functionally similar but simpler linear arrangements found in bacteria and viruses.
See also: Human Genome Project.
[gene + -ome, suffix denoting a defined system or microcosm, fr. G. -ōma, noun suffix]

genome

/ge·nome/ (je´nōm) the complete set of hereditary factors contained in the haploid set of chromosomes.genom´ic

genome

(jē′nōm′)
n.
1. The total genetic content contained in a haploid set of chromosomes in eukaryotes, in a single chromosome in bacteria or archaea, or in the DNA or RNA of viruses.
2. An organism's genetic material.

ge·no′mic (-nō′mĭk) adj.

genome

[jē′nōm]
Etymology: Gk, genein, to produce
the complete set of genes in the chromosomes of each cell of a specific organism. genomic, adj.

genome

Genetic structure Genetics All the genetic information in an organism's chromosomes and mitochondria; its size is given in base pairs. See Base pair, Chromosome, Mitochondrial genome, Nuclear genome.

ge·nome

(jē'nōm)
1. A complete set of chromosomes derived from one parent, the haploid number of a gamete.
2. The total gene complement of a set of chromosomes found in higher life forms (the haploid set in a eukaryotic cell), or the functionally similar but simpler linear arrangements found in bacteria and viruses.
See also: Human Genome Project
[G. genos, birth + (chromos) ome]

genome

The complete set of CHROMOSOMES, together with the MITOCHONDRIAL DNA, containing the entire genetic material of the cell.

genome

the complete complement of genetic material in a cell, or carried by an individual.

Genome

The genetic makeup of a cell, composed of DNA.
Mentioned in: Malignant Melanoma

genome

total gene complement of a set of chromosomes

genome

The complete set of genes in an individual. In humans it is estimated at approximately 30 000 genes and over three billion base pairs (two nucleotides joined together across a double helix) of DNA.

ge·nome

(jē'nōm)
Complete set of chromosomes derived from one parent; haploid number of a gamete.

genome (jē´nōm),

n the total gene complement of a set of chromosomes found in higher life forms.
genome, human,
n the complete set of genes in the chromosomes of each cell.

genome

all of the genes carried by a gamete, i.e. the complete set of hereditary factors contained in the chromosomal DNA. For some viruses, the genome is RNA.

diploid genome
having two genetically identical RNA molecules of RNA, characteristic of retroviruses.
integrated genome
the integration of the viral DNA into the cellular DNA of the host, as occurs in some kinds of persistent infections and the induction of tumors.
segmented genome
the genome is composed of separate segments. A characteristic of some viruses.
References in periodicals archive ?
SHARE AND SHARE ALIKE The biggest surprise emerging from the ongoing comparison of the mouse and human genomes is that they share many DNA sequences that don't encode proteins.
Then, on 17 July 2002, came the announcement from the National Science Foundation that the complete genome of Magnaporthe grisea, the fungus that causes rice blast disease, had also been sequenced.
The three-way comparison affirms that these regions are "a core part of mammalian genomes," comments David Haussler of the University of California, Santa Cruz.
The discussion and follow-up to this 1997 conference have had a profound impact on human genetic analysis and have formed the foundation of the EGP as well as many other large-scale projects aimed at defining the variability of the human genome (Collins et al.
Two human enterovirus 71 (HEV71) isolates were identified from hand, foot and mouth disease patients with genome sequences that had high similarity to HEV71 ([greater than or equal to] 93%) at 5'UTR, P1, and P2 and coxsackievirus A16 (CV-A16, [greater than or equal to] 85%) at P3 and 3'UTR.
454 Life Sciences is developing novel technologies for rapidly and comprehensively determining the nucleotide sequence,"whole genome sequencing," of entire genomes.
Wade, with only slightly less rhetorical flourish, assures us that the sequencing of the human genome "provides the basis on which to understand the human body almost as fully and precisely as an engineer understands a machine.
For example, our genome contains the nearly complete genomes of several thousand viruses that infected our ancestors and then hitched a permanent ride in our bodies.
These studies -- in which hundreds of human genomes are fully sequenced and compared in order to locate the variants likely to influence the disease being studied -- are only now becoming economically feasible.
The sequence was published in the 1 April 2004 issue of Nature, along with more than 30 papers analyzing the results relative m the human and mouse genomes published simultaneously in the April 2004 issue of Genome Research.
Over time, genes that once resided in the mitochondria got transferred to calls' genomes.
ERGO is a powerful software platform for analyzing genome sequences and performing gene annotations, metabolic reconstructions, and other gene analyses and comparisons.