genome

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genome

 [je´nōm]
the complete set of genes, hereditary factors contained in the haploid set of chromosomes; the human genome has an estimated 30,000 to 40,000 genes. adj., adj genom´ic.

ge·nome

(je'nōm, -nom),
1. A complete set of chromosomes derived from one parent, the haploid number of a gamete.
See also: Human Genome Project.
2. The total gene complement of a set of chromosomes found in higher life forms (the haploid set in a eukaryotic cell), or the functionally similar but simpler linear arrangements found in bacteria and viruses.
See also: Human Genome Project.
[gene + -ome, suffix denoting a defined system or microcosm, fr. G. -ōma, noun suffix]

genome

/ge·nome/ (je´nōm) the complete set of hereditary factors contained in the haploid set of chromosomes.genom´ic

genome

(jē′nōm′)
n.
1. The total genetic content contained in a haploid set of chromosomes in eukaryotes, in a single chromosome in bacteria or archaea, or in the DNA or RNA of viruses.
2. An organism's genetic material.

ge·no′mic (-nō′mĭk) adj.

genome

[jē′nōm]
Etymology: Gk, genein, to produce
the complete set of genes in the chromosomes of each cell of a specific organism. genomic, adj.

genome

Genetic structure Genetics All the genetic information in an organism's chromosomes and mitochondria; its size is given in base pairs. See Base pair, Chromosome, Mitochondrial genome, Nuclear genome.

ge·nome

(jē'nōm)
1. A complete set of chromosomes derived from one parent, the haploid number of a gamete.
2. The total gene complement of a set of chromosomes found in higher life forms (the haploid set in a eukaryotic cell), or the functionally similar but simpler linear arrangements found in bacteria and viruses.
See also: Human Genome Project
[G. genos, birth + (chromos) ome]

genome

The complete set of CHROMOSOMES, together with the MITOCHONDRIAL DNA, containing the entire genetic material of the cell.

genome

the complete complement of genetic material in a cell, or carried by an individual.

Genome

The genetic makeup of a cell, composed of DNA.
Mentioned in: Malignant Melanoma

genome

total gene complement of a set of chromosomes

genome

The complete set of genes in an individual. In humans it is estimated at approximately 30 000 genes and over three billion base pairs (two nucleotides joined together across a double helix) of DNA.

ge·nome

(jē'nōm)
Complete set of chromosomes derived from one parent; haploid number of a gamete.

genome (jē´nōm),

n the total gene complement of a set of chromosomes found in higher life forms.
genome, human,
n the complete set of genes in the chromosomes of each cell.

genome

all of the genes carried by a gamete, i.e. the complete set of hereditary factors contained in the chromosomal DNA. For some viruses, the genome is RNA.

diploid genome
having two genetically identical RNA molecules of RNA, characteristic of retroviruses.
integrated genome
the integration of the viral DNA into the cellular DNA of the host, as occurs in some kinds of persistent infections and the induction of tumors.
segmented genome
the genome is composed of separate segments. A characteristic of some viruses.
References in periodicals archive ?
Production of a high-quality maize genome sequence was a high priority for the NPGI from the beginning," said Jane Silverthorne of NSF.
Nevertheless, the cost of entire bilaterian genome sequences will move into the realm of individual research grant budgets, and a new genome sequence will be seen as experimental data.
Virginia Tech), Blacksburg, have launched a publicly-available database of microbial genome sequences, called the VBI Microbial Database (VMD).
The complete genome sequence of the pathogenic strain has been compared with that of a harmless strain, E.
Despite the fact that on average the genomes of bonobos and chimpanzees are equally distant from human, analysis of the genome sequence of the bonobo revealed that for some particular parts of the genome, humans are closer to bonobos than to chimpanzees, while in other regions the human genome is closer to chimpanzees.
In 2003, the human genome sequence was published, an effort that involved more than 3000 scientists from 6 countries.
The first draft of the horse genome sequence has been deposited in public databases and is freely available for use by biomedical and veterinary researchers around the globe, leaders of the international Horse Genome Sequencing Project announced today.
Mechanisms of resistance to antifungal agents are discussed, including insights from genome sequence analysis and recent clinical observations such as the role of transcription factors in upregulating efflux pumps in the presence of antifungal agents or steroids.
A large number of human diseases are mimicked in the tat model, and having the genome sequence lets us easily walk between what we understand in the physiology and biology in the rat, and translate that to a better understanding of human biology, and disease processes," says Susan Old, associate director of the Clinical and Molecular Disease Program in the NHLBI Division of Heart and Vascular Diseases and a project officer for the sequencing initiative.
After more than 13 years of development, members of the International Human Genome Sequencing Consortium have released their findings on the completed human genome sequence.
The more DNA analyzed, the better the chance that the final genome sequence will be accurate and have few gaps.
By making sequencing more affordable and developing tools like our new 'MiGenome' iPad application, we believe that we can significantly accelerate the adoption of individual genome sequencing which will, in turn, pave the way to a future where an individual's genome sequence informs and personalizes his healthcare.