genetic disorder

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genetic disorder

A pathological condition caused by an absent or defective gene or by a chromosomal aberration. Also called hereditary disease.

genetic disorder

ge·net·ic dis·or·der

(jĕ-net'ik dis-ōr'dĕr)
A widely used but nonetheless imprecise term that denotes a condition or illness related to biologic inheritance.

Patient discussion about genetic disorder

Q. what makes Arthritis a genetic disease?

A. First of all, the term arthritis is a bit inaccurate: Arthritis denotes an inflammation of joints. There are many kinds of arthritis that may result from different causes, and therefore, are different diseases: septic arthritis (inflammation due to infection of joint) has much less genetic background than ankylosing spondylitis (an arthritis of the lower back joints that occurs almost exclusively in people with certain genetic background).

The arthritis with the genetic background are usually the autoimmune ones: Due to genetic determinants, the immune system of some people is programmed to recognize the various parts of the joints (and other organs as well) as foreign (i.e. like bacteria) and thus launches an attack on them. In normal immune system, that doesn't happen.

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Q. Is bipolar disease a hereditary problem? My only son is in his teens that is the age to enjoy life, but he cannot enjoy his life with his friends because we found that he is suffering from a bipolar condition. I feel so sad for him and though my care-free days have gone, I often think about how much fun I had at his age. I too suffered from a bipolar disorder and my mom too. Is bipolar disease a hereditary problem? I want him to help to enjoy his life.

A. I agree with you. No one should suffer because of hereditary problems. This is the same situation here as genes are passed from generation to generation. This information is inconclusive because many who may have had bipolar disorders did not have it checked out. Who is to say, how many people 50 years ago had it but dismissed it as being moody, or ill tempered. Doctors were not aware about this problem years ago. Some time back, someone who showed signs of a mental disorder was straight away shoved into a mental hospital and left to suffer. Besides they are often treated with electric shock therapy eventually getting out of control. Testing is still in progress to find out if genetics play a role but these theories may take several more years before they can have a better understanding.

Q. Is FMS heredetery? My mother was diagnosed with FMS and I would like to know what are the chances I’ll have it too.

A. Hereditary is not the right term. It’s not a genetic disease but The cause of fibromyalgia remains elusive. However, recent studies show that genetic factors can predispose individuals to a genetic susceptibility to fibromyalgia.

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References in periodicals archive ?
Washington, July 26 ( ANI ): A new gene therapy approach can reverse hearing loss caused by a genetic defect in a mouse model of congenital deafness, a new study has revealed.
This no-effect level most likely would be lower in populations with genetic defects causing CH and in populations with lower iodine uptake.
team to look for genetic defects in 15,585 people diagnosed with a range of disorders believed to be due to faulty brain development - known as neurodevelopmental disorders.
The test is particularly suitable for women over 35, who have a higher chance of delivering babies with genetic defects.
Increased age of the men was not associated with the same genetic defects seen in older women; for instance, there was no increased risk of fathering a child with Down syndrome.
IVF embryos found to carry higher than expected genetic defects.
Following the announcement that a British woman will give birth to the UK's first cyberbaby, a Welsh medical ethics expert said the child may face a range of problems, including genetic defects or illnesses.
NOW MORE THAN EVER I FEEL TREMENDOUS COMPASSION for parents who fear they wouldn't be able to handle bringing a child with genetic defects into the world, but I also want them to know that the picture of what they and their child will face is often painted much bleaker than it need be.
They found definite causes in five which included mother's alcohol abuse, neonatal disorders, faulty cholesterol mechanism and genetic defects.
These polyclonal antibody libraries can be used to treat or prevent diseases and disorders including neoplasia such as cancer and other malignancies, parasitic infections, bacterial infections, viral infections and disorders such as genetic defects and deficiencies.
The Human Genome Project and related developments hold out the prospect of extending and enriching lives by early-detection techniques and precisely-designed vaccines, and ultimately correcting the genetic defects that lead to sickle-cell anaemia, Huntington's Disease, and various cancers.
There are, to be sure, some diseases directly caused by specific genetic defects.