general intelligence factor

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general intelligence factor

Abbreviation: g
The hypothetical common feature identified by all intelligence (IQ) tests. The concept of general intelligence was developed by Charles Spearman, a British psychologist and statistician, who noticed that students who do well in one subject tend to do well in all school subjects and that students who do poorly in one field of study also lag behind in others. He proposed that the general ability to master academic material was due to superior general intelligence and that specific cognitive talents correlated with overall intellectual superiority. This concept, like many others in the field of psychometrics and intelligence testing, is controversial.
See also: factor
References in periodicals archive ?
Luke Schneider, research officer, said that the results of their study has provided further proof that those born at term tend to have better cognitive abilities, such as working memory, brain processing efficiency and general intellectual ability, but the postnatal environment seemed to be playing an important role in whether or not a preterm child is able to overcome that initial risk of reduced brain development.
Among the 12 are the closest human ancestors, development as the target of evolution, general intellectual ability, and the evolution of mating between sexes.
Children exposed to relatively high levels of polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) can have deficits in general intellectual ability, poor short-term memory, and short attention span.
In fact, the most distinctive feature of dyslexia is that a person's reading and writing skills do not measure up to his or her general intellectual ability.
general intellectual ability, referring to the ability to think abstractly and to solve problems as measured by IQ tests;
Children capable of high performance include those with demonstrated and/or potential ability in any of the following areas, singly or in combination: * General intellectual ability * Specific academic aptitude * Creative or productive thinking * Leadership ability * Ability in the visual or performing arts * Psychomotor ability (Marland, 1972, p.
Neuropsychological functions typically assessed include: general intellectual ability, verbal, perceptual, constructional, and executive functions; memory ability, orientation and attention, and motor performance; and personality, social, and emotional functioning.
One variant of the gene, located on chromosome 6, appears to exert a small effect on a measure of an individual's general intellectual ability, reports a team headed by Robert Plomin of the Institute of Psychiatry in London.
The Gifted and Talented Center is dedicated to helping parents challenge their children and in the areas of: creative/productive thinking, general intellectual ability, language arts, mathematical, scientific, and visual/performing arts abilities.
They found that maternal prenatal supplementation with iron and folic acid was positively associated with general intellectual ability, some aspects of executive function, and fine motor control compared to offspring of mothers in the control group.
Subsequent chapters discuss ways of measuring (for example) sensory-motor functions, attentional processes, language processes, and general intellectual ability.
Demographic data collected on each child included name, grade, gender, ethnicity, and whether or not the child had been previously identified as gifted in the area of general intellectual ability.

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