Gene Doping

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(1) Modifying a person's genetic makeup so that the body produces more hormones or other natural substances that improve athletic performance
(2) Using genes or gene derivatives for the purpose of increasing muscle mass
References in periodicals archive ?
76, 78 (2010) ("However, the real allure of gene doping is that it is currently all but undetectable.
In some years, a test may show that gene doping took place and we will have to confront the possibility of retracting some of these medals.
By analogy with gene therapy, various techniques for gene doping can be envisaged.
Giacca doubts whether athletes will attempt gene doping in the run-up to this year's Olympic games, because it is technically challenging, but he says they may in the future - most likely through an illegal government programme.
It was previously thought that it would only be possible to detect gene doping via gene transfer using an extremely costly indirect test procedure from the field of molecular medicine," explained gene therapist Professor Michael Bitzer, MD from the University Hospital of the Eberhard Karls University of Tubingen.
Gene therapy has now broken out from what seemed to be too little progress and has now shown real therapies for a couple diseases, and more coming," says Theodore Friedmann, a gene therapy expert at the University of California, San Diego and chairman of WADA's panel on gene doping.
The Prohibited List also includes banned methods such as blood doping, synthetic oxygen carriers, and gene doping.
WADA, Gene Doping Symposium Reaches Conclusions and Recommendations (Dec.
Prof Geoffrey Goldspink from University College in London, who has been working for the world antidoping agency WADA and the International Olympic Committee (IOC) on gene doping, said: "It's depressing that work we've done to help those with muscular dystrophy is being misused by body builders and athletes.
Sport is already seeing the effects of new technology with techniques such as blood spinning and gene doping.
In this edition, the introductions and bibliographies have been updated; there are new readings and case studies; and new coverage is included on topics such as vegetative states, cohabitation, child pornography, honor killings, hate crimes, prison populations, execution, the Kyoto Protocol, stem-cell research, cloning, gene doping, biodiesel, violent video games, suicide bombings, prisoner abuse, world population and poverty, and globalization and outsourcing.