Unfortunately, many countries, including Colombia and the USA, have been slow to develop jurisprudence and legislation that explicitly protect transgender adolescents' capacity to consent to gender assignment
16, 2013 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- When a child is born with a disorder of sex development, decisions regarding gender assignment
and genital surgery are often made quickly and under pressure.
First, Mechthild and Lalleswari are women who emerge as "outsiders within" their respective religious traditions, and, as such, they are rightly situated to challenge the strictures of gender assignment
But now, many are challenging the ethical basis of surgery, knowing that gender identity is complex, and doctors can sometimes get it wrong, not knowing how a child will feel about their gender assignment
when they grow up.
Authors also address ethical issues regarding gender assignment
in sex development disorders, growth hormone treatment for short stature, and manipulation of puberty in girls with severe learning disabilities.
They felt it did not apply to those conditions for which gender assignment
is straightforward or to those people who had undergone genital surgery (whose "intersexuality" had been "corrected").
using morphological data was less consistent.
RECENT WORK: Coordinating a program to examine issues of medical privacy and gender assignment
on official documents
He then turns to qualitative aspects, explaining why he chose the news magazine Der Spiegel for his hunt, and describes what he found in such areas as gender assignment
, lexical productivity and inflectional integration and phrasal anglicisms and, in conclusion, the implications for the future of German.
Traditional gender assignment
relies on three fundamental assumptions: (1) that anatomy determines identity (Cooper, 1999), (2) that reproductive functions accurately predict distinctive psychological and behavioral propensities in humans (West & Zimmerman, 1987), and (3) that only female and male genders exist (Bem, 1993).
This occurred in the context of the firm belief that gender identity is malleable during the first two years of life, and therefore doctors could normalize the genitalia and parents could rear their child in the corresponding gender with confidence that the child would be both physically and psychologically comfortable in their gender assignment
constitutes a form of integration in the social hierarchy and is one of the criteria for its reproduction.