# gaussian distribution

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## nor·mal dis·tri·bu·tion

a specific bell-shaped frequency distribution commonly assumed by statisticians to represent the infinite population of measurements from which a sample has been drawn; characterized by two parameters, the mean (x) and the standard deviation (σ), in the equation:

## normal distribution

A bell-shaped frequency distribution of data, the plotted curve of which is symmetrical about the mean, indicating no significant deviation of the data set from the mean.

Properties of a normal distribution
Continuous and symmetrical, with both tails extending to infinity; arithmetic mean, mode, and median are identical. The curve’s shape is completely determined by the mean and standard deviation.

## gaus·si·an dis·tri·bu·tion

(gow'sē-ăn dis'tri-byū'shŭn)
The statistical distribution of members of a population around the population mean. In a gaussian distribution, 68.2% of values fall within ± 1 standard deviation (SD); 95.4% fall within ± 2 SD of the mean; and 99.7% fall within ± 3 SD of the mean.
Synonym(s): bell-shaped curve, normal distribution.

## Gaussian distribution

Normal distribution. The distribution of characteristics found in large populations subject to many causes of variability. The graph of the Gaussian distribution of any characteristic (such as body height) is a symmetrical bell shape, centred on the mean. (Johann Karl Friedrich Gauss, 1777–1855, German mathematician).

## Gauss,

Johann K.F., German physicist, 1777-1855.
gauss - a unit of magnetic field intensity.
gaussian curve - a specific bell-shaped frequency distribution. Synonym(s): gaussian distribution; normal distribution
gaussian distribution - Synonym(s): gaussian curve

## distribution

the arrangement of numerical data. The arrangement may be in accordance with magnitude, a frequency distribution, or in relation to geographical location, a spatial distribution.

age distribution
see age distribution.
bimodal distribution
the distribution has two regions of high frequency of observations separated by a zone of low frequency.
binomial distribution
a probability distribution associated with two mutually exclusive outcomes.
cluster distribution
a nonrandom distribution with observations aggregating about geographic or temporal variables. May be deceptive and merely reflect the distribution of an uneven population.
frequency distribution
a table or graph of the frequency of occurrence of each value of a variable.
Gaussian distribution
see normal distribution (below).
hypergeometric distribution
may apply to sampling without replacement of a finite population.
lognormal distribution
a distribution which is normal when the log values of the variable are considered.
normal distribution
a graph of the distribution appears as a bell-shaped curve which is symmetrical on the two sides of the vertical axis through the peak of the curve. Called also gaussian distribution.
parent distribution
the distribution (population) that was originally sampled.
Poisson distribution
regular distribution
distributed at regular intervals of time or space; all values within its given interval are equally likely.
sex distribution
an increase in frequency in one sex, which includes neutered males and neutered females. Called also sex-linked or sex-associated.
skewed distribution
a distribution in which the curve illustrating it is not symmetrical but has a long tail on one or other side of the graph.
spatial distribution
variations in distribution related to position in space, e.g. close to the door of a barn.
t-distribution
see t-test.
temporal distribution
variation in distribution related to time, e.g. occurrence of disease incidents after visits by veterinarians, inseminators, feed salesmen.
References in periodicals archive ?
The proposed method applied to different standard images by adding Gaussian noise with different variance.
The algorithm worked as multi-phase noise removal that has to remove impulse noise first, and then remove Gaussian noise.
Charles Freihofer, Director of Sales for Micronetics Noise & Test Solutions Group, stated, "The ANG product line offers our customers requiring white gaussian noise testing the ability to design the best solution for their needs and budget.
It removes only Gaussian noise and selects the optimal patch size, which is not constant across the images.
The additive zero-mean white noise models we considered are the Gaussian noise (AWGN) defined in (4.
The block applies the phase noise as follows: generates additive white Gaussian noise and filters it with a digital filter; adds the resulting noise to the angle component of the input signal.
They are also used in systems theory in connection with nonlinear operations on Gaussian noise.
It is common to derive signal-processing algorithms using the additive white Gaussian noise assumption.
In the first case, the noise is a Gaussian noise with zero mean and 0.
The applied noise was distributed on the data space with Gaussian noise function having standard deviation on ranging from 0 to 2.
For adding the Gaussian noise, Salt & Pepper noise and Speckle noise to the watermarked image, the added noise is a watermark degrading attack, where are add noise can be used as an attacks to remove the watermark.
For the above proposed work, transmissions on Rayleigh fading channel including Additive White Gaussian Noise (AWGN) are employed.

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