gastrointestinal bleeding

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gastrointestinal bleeding

any bleeding from the GI tract. The most common underlying conditions are peptic ulcer, Mallory-Weiss syndrome, esophageal varices, diverticulosis, ulcerative colitis, and carcinoma of the stomach and colon. Vomiting of bright red blood or passage of coffee ground vomitus indicates upper GI bleeding, usually from the esophagus, stomach, or upper duodenum. Aspiration of the gastric contents, lavage, and endoscopy are performed to determine the site and rate of bleeding. Tarry black stools indicate a bleeding source in the upper GI tract; bright red blood from the rectum usually indicates bleeding in the distal colon. GI bleeding is treated as a potential emergency. Patients may require transfusions, fluid replacement, endoscopic treatment, or gastric lavage and are watched carefully so as to prevent shock and hypovolemia. In all patients blood loss is evaluated and ability to coagulate is tested. See also coffee-ground vomitus, hematochezia, melena.

gastrointestinal bleeding

Any hemorrhage into the GI tract lumen, from esophagus–eg, from ruptured esophageal varices, to anus–eg from hemorrhoids

gastrointestinal bleeding

Bleeding from anywhere in the gastrointestinal tract.
Synonym: gastrointestinal hemorrhage
See also: bleeding
References in periodicals archive ?
Approach to the patient with gross gastrointestinal hemorrhage, in Yamada T, et al (eds): Textbook of Gastroenterology.
Although the typical symptoms of PAEF consist of abdominal pain, gastrointestinal hemorrhage and a pulsatile abdominal mass, this classic triad of symptoms can be found in only 23% of the patients.
GASTROSPLENIC FISTULA is a rare cause of upper gastrointestinal hemorrhage.
of Patients (%) Diarrhea 13 (48) Vomiting 10 (37) Abdominal pain 11 (41) Gastrointestinal hemorrhage 6 (22) Paralytic ileus 1 (4) TABLE 3 Underlying Diseases in Hyperinfective Strongloidiasis Total No.
CYRAMZA increased the risk of hemorrhage and gastrointestinal hemorrhage including severe and sometimes fatal hemorrhagic events.
An angiographic study of abdominal visceral angiodysplasias associated with gastrointestinal hemorrhage.
Infection is found with a rate of 47% in patients with cirrhosis and 66% in patients with liver disease who have gastrointestinal hemorrhage.
A prospective study of upper gastrointestinal hemorrhage in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma.
A tumour nodule within the jejunal mesentery had eroded into the bowel lumen, and was associated with distal gastrointestinal hemorrhage (the cause of the melena).
ACLF often developed in patients with previously compensated (21%) or recently decompensated (< 3 months, 18%) cirrhosis and was significantly associated with bacterial infections and active alcoholism, but not gastrointestinal hemorrhage.
Among the nine IQIs, as the percentage of black discharges increased, the rate of inpatient mortality increased for CABG, craniotomy, hip replacement, gastrointestinal hemorrhage, hip fracture, and pneumonia; however, the rate of inpatient mortality decreased for abdominal aortic aneurysm, congestive heart failure, and acute stroke.
The reported incidence as a cause of upper gastrointestinal hemorrhage varies from 0.

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