cardia

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cardia

 [kahr´de-ah]
1. the cardiac opening.
2. the cardiac part of the stomach; that part of the stomach surrounding the esophagogastric junction, distinguished by the presence of cardiac glands.

car·di·a

(kar'dē-ă), [TA]
The area of the stomach close to the esophageal opening (cardiac orifice or cardia) that contains the cardiac glands.
[G. kardia, heart]

cardia

/car·dia/ (kahr´de-ah)
1. the cardiac opening.
2. the cardiac part of the stomach, surrounding the esophagogastric junction and distinguished by the presence of cardiac glands.

cardia

(kär′dē-ə)
n. pl. car·diae (-dē-ē′) or car·dias
1. The opening of the esophagus into the stomach.
2. The upper portion of the stomach that adjoins this opening.

cardia

[kär′dē·ə]
Etymology: Gk, kardia, heart
1 the opening between the esophagus and the cardiac portion of the stomach.
2 the portion of the stomach surrounding the esophagogastric connection, characterized by the absence of acid cells. cardiac, adj.

cardia

(1) Cardiac part of stomach; pars cardiaca gastricae [NA6]. 
(2) Cardiac opening; ostium cardiaca [NA6]. 
(3) Heart; cor [NA6].

CARDIA

Cardiology A clinical trial–Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults. See Coronary artery disease.

car·di·a

(kahr'dē-ă) [TA]
Opening of the esophagus into the stomach.
[G. kardia, heart]

cardia

The opening of the lower end of the gullet (OESOPHAGUS) into the STOMACH.

car·di·a

(kahr'dē-ă) [TA]
Opening of the esophagus into the stomach.
[G. kardia, heart]

cardia (kär´dēə),

n the opening between the esophagus and the cardiac portion of the stomach; characterized by the absence of acid cells. Also an archaic term formerly used to describe the heart and the region surrounding it.

cardia

1. the cardiac opening.
2. the cardiac part of the stomach; that part of the stomach surrounding the esophagogastric junction, distinguished by the presence of cardiac glands.
References in periodicals archive ?
When achalasia is detected on barium studies, it is extremely important to evaluate the gastric cardia and fundus to rule out malignant tumor at the gastroesophageal junction as the cause of these findings.
Specialized intestinal metaplasia and carditis at the gastroesophageal junction in Chinese patients undergoing endoscopy.
Others (26) have since shown that any substantial amount of chronic inflammation in glandular mucosa from gastroesophageal junction should prompt concern for the presence of Helicobacter pylori infection, especially when plasma cells are numerous, or when neutrophils are present in both the surface and deep glandular epithelium.
A repeated upper endoscopy was performed, and this time the endoscopist found a 9 mm nodule at the gastroesophageal junction, presumably the site of the carcinoma in the original biopsy.
On TNE, the LES was found to be incompetent, as it allowed for unimpeded passage of the esophagoscope through the gastroesophageal junction as well as obvious reflux of gastric contents into the esophagus (figure 1, A).
Overcash using the EGS' EsophyX device to reconstruct the youth's antireflux barrier at the gastroesophageal junction, restoring its natural anatomical geometry to effectively treat GERD.
Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has approved CYRAMZA(TM) (ramucirumab) as a single-agent treatment for patients with advanced or metastatic gastric cancer or gastroesophageal junction (GEJ) adenocarcinoma with disease progression on or after prior fluoropyrimidine- or platinum-containing chemotherapy.
Thirteen cases had biopsies from the gastroesophageal junction, including 2 cases that had additional biopsies from the esophagus; 13 cases had biopsies from 2 or more sites (levels) in the esophagus, but not gastroesophageal junction; and 52 cases had biopsies submitted in a single vial.
The erosion terminated on a smooth, well-mucosalized mass located adjacent to the gastroesophageal junction.
The EsophyX TIF procedure reconstructs a robust antireflux barrier at the gastroesophageal junction, using a similar procedure, restoring natural anatomical geometry to effectively treat Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD).
Merrimack is initiating a Phase 2 study testing MM-111 in combination with paclitaxel or with paclitaxel and trastuzumab for the treatment of advanced gastric, esophageal and gastroesophageal junction (GEJ) cancers.
An upper gastrointestinal endoscopy found ulcers from the midesophagus down to the gastroesophageal junction (Lancet 362[9383]:534, 2003).

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