gastric volvulus

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gas·tric vol·vu·lus

1. In humans, a twisting of the stomach that may result in obstruction and impairment of the blood supply to the organ; it can occur in paraesophageal hernia and occasionally in eventration of the diaphragm.
2. In veterinary medicine, a common condition most often seen in deep-chested breeds of dogs. May involve complete 360o torsion with complete vascular compromise or partial volvulus or torsion; spleen may rotate as well. Severe volvulus is often fatal without intensive care and early intervention; often begins with gastric bloat


[L.] torsion of a loop of intestine, causing obstruction with or without compromising the blood supply to the part by strangulation.

gastric volvulus
see gastric dilatation-volvulus.
intestinal volvulus
a common finding in horses because of the weight of the contents, the power and the duration of the peristaltic movements, and the long mesentery of some parts of the intestines.
References in periodicals archive ?
detection of other abnormalities associated with gastric volvulus, viz.
detection of other causes of abdominal pain in the absence of gastric volvulus.
Acute gastric volvulus is an uncommon, and often unrecognised, surgical emergency that should be considered in patients who present to the emergency department with severe epigastric pain and evidence of gastric outlet obstruction.
In addition to the 2 major types of gastric volvulus, gastric volvulus can be classified as primary or secondary.
Plain film findings in gastric volvulus herniating into the chest.
The clinical presentation of the classic triad of severe epigastric pain and distention, unproductive vomiting, and difficulty or inability to pass a nasogastric tube should raise the suspicion, but this presentation is not always present in a gastric volvulus.
All findings were consistent with an obstruction secondary to partial mesenteroaxial gastric volvulus.
Rare chronis gastric volvulus associated with left atrial and mediastinal compression.