nodule

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nodule

 [nod´ūl]
a small node that is solid and can be detected by touch.
Albini's n's gray nodules of the size of small grains, sometimes seen on the free edges of the atrioventricular valves of infants; they are remains of fetal structures.
apple jelly n's minute, yellowish or reddish brown, translucent nodules, seen on diascopic examination of the lesions of lupus vulgaris.
Aschoff's n's Aschoff's bodies.
Gamna n's brown or yellow pigmented nodules seen in the spleen in certain cases of enlargement, such as Gamna's disease and siderotic splenomegaly.
Jeanselme's n's (juxta-articular n's) gummata of tertiary syphilis and of nonvenereal treponemal diseases, located on joint capsules, bursae, or tendon sheaths.
lymphatic nodule
2. a small dense accumulation of lymphocytes found within the cortex of a lymph node, expressing the cytogenic and defense functions of the tissue. Called also lymph or lymphatic follicle.
milker's n's hard circumscribed nodules on the hands of those who milk cows affected with cowpox.
rheumatic n's small, round or oval, mostly subcutaneous nodules made up chiefly of a mass of Aschoff's bodies and seen in rheumatic fever.
Schmorl's nodule Schmorl's node.
singer's n's vocal cord nodules.
surfer's n's hyperplastic, fibrosing granulomas occurring over bony prominences of the lower limbs and feet as a result of repeated trauma from kneeling on surfboards.
teacher's n's vocal cord nodules.
typhus n's minute nodules produced by perivascular infiltration of polymorphonuclear leukocytes and mononuclear cells in rickettsial disease; they were originally described in typhus.
nodule of vermis the part of the vermis of the cerebellum, on the ventral surface, where the inferior medullary velum attaches.
vocal n's (vocal cord n's) small white nodules appearing on the vocal cords in chorditis tuberosa with excessive use of the voice; called also singer's nodes or nodules and teacher's nodes or nodules.

nod·ule

(nod'yūl), [TA]
A small node; in skin, a node up to 1.0 cm in diameter, solid, with palpable depth; a pulmonary or pleural lesion seen on a radiographic image as a well-defined, discrete, roughly circular opacity 2-30 mm in diameter. Compare: mass.
Synonym(s): nodulus (1) [TA]
[L. nodulus, dim. of nodus, knot]

nodule

/nod·ule/ (nod´ūl) a small node or boss which is solid and can be detected by touch.nod´ular
Albini's nodules  gray nodules of the size of small grains, sometimes seen on the free edges of the atrioventricular valves of infants; they are remains of fetal structures.
apple jelly nodules  minute, yellowish or reddish brown, translucent nodules, seen on diascopic examination of the lesions of lupus vulgaris.
nodules of Arantius  see under body.
Aschoff's nodules  see under body.
Bianchi's nodules  bodies of Arantius.
Brenner nodules  nodular masses of tumor in the cyst wall in cases of Brenner tumor.
Gamna nodules , Gandy-Gamna nodules brown or yellow pigmented nodules sometimes seen in the enlarged spleen, e.g., in Gamna's disease and siderotic splenomegaly.
Jeanselme's nodules  juxtaarticular n's.
juxtaarticular nodules  gummata of tertiary syphilis and of nonvenereal treponemal diseases, located on joint capsules, bursae, or tendon sheaths.
Lisch nodules  hamartomas of the iris occurring in neurofibromatosis.
lymphatic nodule 
2. a small, dense accumulation of lymphocytes within the lymph node cortex, expressing tissue cytogenetic and defense functions.
milker's nodules  paravaccinia.
Morgagni's nodules  bodies of Arantius.
pulp nodule  denticle (2).
rheumatic nodules  small, round or oval, mostly subcutaneous nodules similar to Aschoff bodies; seen in rheumatic fever.
rheumatoid nodules  subcutaneous nodules consisting of central foci of necrosis surrounded by palisade-like coronas of fibroblasts, seen in rheumatoid arthritis.
Schmorl's nodule  an irregular or hemispherical bone defect in the upper or lower margin of the body of the vertebra.
triticeous nodule  see under cartilage.
typhus nodules  minute nodules, originally described in typhus, produced by perivascular infiltration of polymorphonuclear leukocytes and mononuclear cells in typhus.
nodule of vermis  the part of the vermis of the cerebellum, on the ventral surface, where the inferior medullary velum attaches.
vocal cord nodules  singer's or teacher's nodes; small white nodule on the vocal cords in those who use their voice excessively.

nodule

(nŏj′o͞ol)
n.
1. A small knotlike protuberance.
2. Medicine A small, abnormal but usually benign mass of tissue, as on the thyroid gland, in the lung, or under the skin.
3. Botany A small knoblike outgrowth, especially one on the roots of a leguminous plant that contains bacteria that fix nitrogen.
4. Mineralogy A small rounded lump of a mineral or mixture of minerals, usually harder than the surrounding rock or sediment.

nod′u·lar (nŏj′ə-lər), nod′u·lose′ (-lōs′)(-ləs), nod′u·lous (-ləs) adj.

nodule

[nod′yo̅o̅l]
Etymology: L, nodulus, small knot
1 a small node.
2 a small nodelike structure.
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Nodule

nodule

The most commonly used medical term for a small node, bump, swelling, or protuberance.

nodule

A small node, bump, swelling, protuberance. See Apple jelly nodule, Cold nodule, Hot nodule, Pseudorheumatoid nodule, Renal nodule, Rheumatoid nodule, Satellite nodule, Sister Mary Joseph nodule, Solitary thyroid nodule, Surfer's nodule, Tobacco nodule, Typhoid nodule, Warm nodule.

nod·ule

(nod'yūl) [TA]
A small node.
Synonym(s): nodulus (1) .
[L. nodulus, dim. of nodus, knot]

nodule

(noj'ool?) [L. nodulus, little knot]
1. A small node.
2. A small cluster of cells.

aggregate nodules

A group of unencapsulated lymph nodules, such as Peyer's patches of the small intestine.

Albini's nodules

See: Albini's nodules

apple jelly nodule

The jelly-like lesion of lupus vulgaris.

Arantius' nodule

See: Arantius, Julius Caesar

Aschoff's nodules

See: Aschoff's nodules

Bracht-Wachter nodules

Bracht-Wachter bodies.

cortical nodules

Lymph nodules located in the cortex of a lymph node.

laryngeal nodule

Singer's node.

lymph nodule

A mass of compact, densely staining lymphocytes forming the structural unit of lymphatic tissue. These nodules may occur singly, in groups (as in Peyer's patches), or in encapsulated organs such as lymph nodes. Each contains a lighter-staining germinal center where new lymphocytes are formed.

miliary nodule

Small round density, 1 to 5 mm in diameter, as seen on the chest radiograph (e.g., in disseminated tuberculosis).

milker's nodules

Painless smooth or warty lesions due to a poxvirus that is transmitted from the udders of infected cows to the hands of milkers.
See: paravaccinia

rheumatic nodules

Subcutaneous nodes of fibrous tissue that may be present in patients with rheumatic fever.
See: subcutaneous nodule for illus.

Schmorl's nodule

Schmorl's node.

nodule of the semilunar valve

Arantius' body.

siderotic nodules

Small brown nodules seen in the spleen and other organs and consisting of necrotic tissue encrusted by iron salts.

solitary nodule

An isolated nodule of lymphatic tissue such as occurs in mucous membranes.

solitary pulmonary nodule

Any isolated mass lesion found in the lung, usually during an x-ray study performed for another reason. Most small masses that are identified in this way are benign, although smokers, patients already known to have cancer in another organ system, and older patients have an increased risk that a solitary nodule will be a new malignancy or a metastasis from another source.

Patient care

The first step in evaluating a solitary lung nodule is to search for prior chest x-ray films. If the nodule can be found on films done many months or years earlier and has not changed in size, shape, or calcification, it is likely to be benign and can be followed conservatively. Newly identified lesions within the lung that were not previously present usually are evaluated with further studies, such as computed tomography of the lungs, sputum studies, or biopsies.

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SUBCUTANEOUS NODULES

subcutaneous nodules

Small, nontender swellings resembling Aschoff's bodies and found over bony prominences in persons with rheumatic fever or rheumatoid arthritis (in rheumatoid arthritis, they are called rheumatoid nodules).
See: illustration
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SURFER'S NODULES

surfer's nodules

Nodular swelling and possible bone changes of the area of the lower leg and foot exposed to pressure and trauma while on a surfboard. The nodules may be painful.
Synonym: surfer's knots See: illustration

thyroid nodule

A visible or palpable mass in the thyroid gland, benign about 90% to 95% of the time. A history of radiation to the head or neck increases the likelihood that the lesion will be malignant, as does the appearance of the nodule in the first decades of life. Fine-needle aspiration biopsy is the first and often the definitive diagnostic test.

typhoid nodules

Nodules characteristic of typhoid fever and found in the liver.

typhus nodules

Small nodules of the skin seen in typhus. They are composed of mononuclear cell infiltration around vessels.

nodule

A small, solid knot-like lump of tissue occurring anywhere in the body. Nodules in the skin are easily felt. The term implies nothing about the nature of the lump.

nodule

  1. any small spherical swelling.
  2. short for root nodule. (see NITROGEN FIXATION).

Nodule

A swelling or knob that may form on a tendon and make it difficult to slide smoothly through its sheath.
Mentioned in: Mycetoma, Trigger Finger

nodule

small node, localized swelling or mass of tissue

nodule

A small, circumscribed mass of tissue or an aggregation of cells.
Busacca's nodule's Nodules often found in the iris stroma of an eye affected by granulomatous uveitis (up to about 30% of cases). Syn. floccules of Busacca. See iris nodules.
Dalen-Fuchs nodule's Multiple, small yellow-white mounds consisting mainly of epithelial cells protruding through the retinal pigment epithelium. They are seen in the fundus of an eye with sympathetic ophthalmia, Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada syndrome or some other granulomatous inflammations.
iris nodule's Small, solid elevations found on the iris and epithelial cells and lymphocytes. They are usually whitish or grey, depending on their location. See Busacca's nodules; Koeppe's nodules; Lisch nodule.
Koeppe's nodule's Small nodules frequently found on the iris around the pupillary margin of an eye affected by granulomatous uveitis. See iris nodules.
Lisch nodule A small, abnormal, lightly pigmented swelling which develops on the surface of the iris in almost all patients with neurofibromatosis type 1 during the second or third decades of life. See von Recklinghausen's disease.

nod·ule

(nod'yūl)
1. A small node; in skin, a node up to 1.0 cm in diameter, solid, with palpable depth.
2. A pulmonary or pleural lesion seen on a radiographic image as a well-defined, discrete, roughly circular opacity.
[L. nodulus, dim. of nodus, knot]

nodule(s),

n a small solid mass or knot that can be easily felt.
nodule, pulp
n See denticle.
nodules, Bohn's,

nodule

a small boss or node that is solid and can be detected by touch.

acral pruritic nodule
see acral lick dermatitis.
aggregated lymphatic n's
groups of small masses of lymphoid tissue. In the intestinal mucosae they are peyer's patches.
nodule of Arantius
see semilunar valve nodule (below).
cutaneous nodule
see cutaneous node.
milker's n's
semilunar valve nodule
a small mass of fibrous tissue in the center of the free edge of each semilunar valve. Called also nodule of Arantius.
nodule of vermis
the part of the vermis of the cerebellum, on the ventral surface, where the inferior medullary velum attaches.