gamma-hydroxybutyric acid

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γ-hydroxybutyric acid

Central nervous system depressant causing relaxation, loss of muscle tone and reduced inhibitions. Effects are enhanced when mixed with alcohol. Previously sold in health food stores as a performance-enhancing drug until banned by the FDA in 1990. Sometimes vernacularly termed date rape drug.
References in periodicals archive ?
Effect of gammahydroxybutyrate on pain, fatigue, and the alpha sleep anomaly in patients with fibromyalgia.
Several had used cocaine, morphine, lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD) opiates or prescription drugs (particularly "diet pills"), with fewer mentioning gammahydroxybutyrate (GHB), "Special K," (2) "oil," "mushrooms," and other hallucinogens.
Forensic testing of the house found an Irn Bru bottle that contained traces of the drug gammahydroxybutyrate, also known as liquid ecstasy or "GBH"- the initials for grievous bodily harm.
As a result of several operations in June and August, Estonian police eliminated a drug conspiracy group, detained five people, and seized over 20 kg of the psychotropic substance gammahydroxybutyrate (GHB), lab equipment, and 15 kg of the precursor gammabutyrolactone (GBL), sufficient to produce 45 kg of GHB.
Sodium oxybate, the active ingredient in Xyrem, is a sodium salt of gammahydroxybutyrate (GHB), a substance with a history of abuse when acquired illicitly and used illegally.
The drug, full name gammahydroxybutyrate, is colourless and odourless, with a salty taste.
With Swiss Webster mice, Cook, Aceto, Coop, and Beardsley (2002) used a baseline schedule of FRIO reinforcement of lever pressing with sweetened milk to assess the effects of gammahydroxybutyrate, an endogenous chemical.
Andrew Luster, 39, of Mussel Shoals is accused of drugging three women with the popular date-rape substance gammahydroxybutyrate (GHB) and videotaping sexual encounters with two of them.
The colourless killer GHB - or gammahydroxybutyrate - is a synthetic drug used as an anaesthetic.
As she and pals from her restaurant drove home, they started talking about GBH - short for gammahydroxybutyrate.
Her parents, Patrick and Kathleen, of Wigan, Lancashire, are now campaigning to have gammahydroxybutyrate banned.
Mr Hignett's parents immediately began a campaign to demand that GHB - real name gammahydroxybutyrate - should be officially banned under the Misuse of Drugs Act.