The main causative organism of ciguatera is the unicellular dino-flagellate Gambierdiscus toxicus (Adachi and Fukuyo 1979) that lives upon common, larger reef-colonizing species of red, green, and brown algae (Lehane et al.
Origins of ciguatera fish poisoning: a new dianoflagellate, Gambierdiscus toxicus Adachi and Fukuyo, definitely involved as a causal agent.
Ciguatera fish poisoning is caused by Gambierdiscus toxicus
, the most common marine toxin on our planet.
These toxins are transmitted by dinoflagellates of the species Gambierdiscus toxicus
, which lives adhered to damaged coral reefs in tropical seas (2).
10:00 Purification of Maitotoxins Produced by the Dinoflagellate, Gambierdiscus toxicus