Gail model

Gail model

a collection of epidemiological and risk factor data used to calculate the risk of breast cancer.
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This compares favorably to the National Cancer Institute Gail Model for Breast Cancer (a concordance index of 0.
It equates on the Gail model to being 65 years old without additional risk factors.
5, which aligns it with other indicators of risk assessment in the Gail model.
For the same women, they used the existing Gail model to make five-year risk predictions for the same women.
The Gail Model Risk Assessment Tools will be available from Cytogen to aid in accessing risk.
Data were compared for all participants and across a variety of subgroups, including age (younger or older than 50 years), breast density (heterogeneously dense, extremely dense, or less dense), menopausal status (pre-, peri-, or postmenopausal), race (white, black, or other), and lifetime risk of breast cancer (>25% or <25%), as determined by the Gail model.
The Gail model does not, however, recognize certain risk factors that may influence the degree of risk in some women.
For example, a breast health clinic can run popular risk algorithms - such as the Gail model - to calculate a female patient's chance of developing breast cancer, all before she even leaves the waiting room.
The Gail model, which is widely used by the National Cancer Institute, estimates risk using information on age, race, family history, and age of menarche and first live birth.
There's plenty of debate about the clinical usefulness of applying the Gail model to an individual woman, especially if she is African American.
Reeves noted that the critical need for a reliable means of early detection of breast cancer was ironically highlighted by The Breast Journal, the Official Medical Journal of the American Society of Breast Disease, in a recently published article entitled "The Effectiveness of the Gail Model in Estimating Risk for Development of Breast Cancer in Women Under 40 Years of Age.
The Gail model is most widely used, especially for patients aged over 35 years.