gastrointestinal bleeding

(redirected from GI bleed)

gastrointestinal bleeding

any bleeding from the GI tract. The most common underlying conditions are peptic ulcer, Mallory-Weiss syndrome, esophageal varices, diverticulosis, ulcerative colitis, and carcinoma of the stomach and colon. Vomiting of bright red blood or passage of coffee ground vomitus indicates upper GI bleeding, usually from the esophagus, stomach, or upper duodenum. Aspiration of the gastric contents, lavage, and endoscopy are performed to determine the site and rate of bleeding. Tarry black stools indicate a bleeding source in the upper GI tract; bright red blood from the rectum usually indicates bleeding in the distal colon. GI bleeding is treated as a potential emergency. Patients may require transfusions, fluid replacement, endoscopic treatment, or gastric lavage and are watched carefully so as to prevent shock and hypovolemia. In all patients blood loss is evaluated and ability to coagulate is tested. See also coffee-ground vomitus, hematochezia, melena.

gastrointestinal bleeding

Any hemorrhage into the GI tract lumen, from esophagus–eg, from ruptured esophageal varices, to anus–eg from hemorrhoids

gastrointestinal bleeding

Bleeding from anywhere in the gastrointestinal tract.
Synonym: gastrointestinal hemorrhage
See also: bleeding
References in periodicals archive ?
Based upon the meta-analysis results, taking aspirin for primary prevention would reduce her 10-year risk of a nonfatal MI to roughly 8% while increasing her risk of a serious GI bleed to 1.
Analysis of data from 73,863 women enrolled in the Nurses' Health Study II in 1989 showed that current users of menopausal hormone therapy had a 46% increase in the risk of a major gastrointestinal bleed and a more than twofold increase in the risk of a lower GI bleed or ischemic colitis, compared with never users, said Dr.
They calculated that, as a result, 770 patients would need to be treated with acid-suppressants to prevent one nosocomial GI bleed and that 834 patients would need to be treated to prevent one clinically significant GI bleed (Herzog et al.
Others included GI bleed or liver problems, leukemias, lymphomas, and other cancers.
Research suggests the risk of death increases by a staggering 41% for patients who suffer an upper GI bleed and are taken to hospital on a public holiday.
We used the Agency for Healthcare Quality and Research's (AHRQ's) Quality Indicator report to identify six conditions for which mortality was considered an important indicator of quality: AMI, hip fracture, stroke, CHF, GI bleed, and pneumonia (Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality 2002).
The basis for the negligence involving a GI bleed allegation stemmed from a nurse's note, written nine days prior to the incident, that stated the man's "abdomen was firm, but no impaction.
Despite vigorous attempts to correct the patient's multiple medical problems, he developed a massive GI bleed and expired 5 days after admission.
By age 75, the hazard ratio for a GI bleed in dabigatran patients relative to warfarin in AF patients was 2.
Researchers also found that the longer the treatment is taken, the more likely the chance of a major GI bleed.
If the NSAID is continued for 3 to 6 months, over one-half of all nursing facility patients will develop significant anemia, and 20% of those may be admitted to the hospital with an acute GI bleed.
We present the case of a MALT Lymphoma in a 59 year-old woman manifesting as a brisk upper GI bleed without serologic or microbiologic evidence of an H pylori infection.