genes

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genes

agents of heredity, each located at a specific site as part of the DNA macromolecule of a specific chromosome, in the nucleus of body cells. genotype an individual's complete genetic endowment (specific genome) in the form of DNA, which largely, but not entirely, determines the individual's unique characteristics, known as the phenotype. See also performance genes.

genes

functional units of heredity and biological function occupying specific loci on specific chromosomes
  • autosomal genes genes located on any chromosome other than sex (X or Y) chromosomes

  • recessive genes see autosomal-recessive inheritance

  • sex-linked genes genes located on sex (X or Y) chromosomes