Fusobacterium nucleatum


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Fu·so·bac·te·ri·um nu·cle·a·'tum

a bacterial species (probably Plaut or Vincent bacillus) found in the mouth and in infections of the upper respiratory tract, pleural cavity, and occasionally the lower intestinal tract; it is the most common cause of human fusobacterium infection, and is the type species of the genus Fusobacterium.

Fu·so·bac·te·ri·um nu·cle·a·tum

(fū'zō-bak-tēr'ē-ŭm nū-klē-ā'tŭm)
A species that is found indigenously in gingival crevices; involved in infections of the upper respiratory tract and pleural cavity.
Synonym(s): Vincent bacillus.

Fusobacterium

a genus of anaerobic non-spore-forming, gram-negative bacteria found as normal flora in the mouth and large bowel, and often in necrotic tissue, probably as secondary invaders.

Fusobacterium equinum
contributes to necrotizing pneumonia and pleurisy in horses.
Fusobacterium necrophorum
found in abscesses of the liver, lungs and other tissues and in chronic ulcer of the colon. A common major participant in bovine footrot, calf diphtheria, ruminal necrobacillosis, hepatic abscesses and thrush in horses. Synergistic with Dichelobacter nodosus in ovine footrot. Divided into subspecies necrophorum, formerly biotype A, which is especially found in liver abscesses of cattle, and subspecies funduliforme, formerly biotype B, which is particularly found in ruminal abscesses and in ruminal contents.
Fusobacterium nodosus
Fusobacterium nucleatum
isolated from cat and dog bite wounds.
Fusobacterium russii
isolated from cat and dog bite wounds.
References in periodicals archive ?
Frequency, microbial interactions, and antimicrobial susceptibility of Fusobacterium nucleatum and Fusobacterium necrophorum isolated from primary endodontic infections.
En la periodontitis generalizada: Fusobacterium nucleatum (4), Veillonella species (3), Peptostreptococcus prevotii (3), Peptostreptococcus sacchharolitucus (2), Staphhylococcus sacchharoliticus (2).
Otros, Fusobacterium nucleatum, Campylobacter spp Eikenella corrrodens, Selenomonas Peptostreptococcus spp.
Unusual presentation of lemierre's syndrome due to fusobacterium nucleatum.
37,38) Dentro de los microorganismos que se han identificado como agentes etiologicos de la enfermedad periodontal en este tipo de pacientes se encuentran: Estreptococos sanguis, Lactobacillus acidophilus, Porphyromonas gingivalis, Fusobacterium nucleatum, Estafilococos epidermidis, Actinomyces naeslundi, Actinomyces viscosus.
Purification and properties of a novel beta-lactamase from Fusobacterium nucleatum.
En condiciones de salud, los colonizadores bacterianos incluyen gran cantidad de estreptococos Gram positivos facultativos, y especies de Aggregatibacter, de Capnocytofaga, de Fusobacterium nucleatum y de Prevotella intermedia, los cuales excretan productos acidos toxicos para el tejido como N-formyl-methionyl-leucylphenilanina, y lipopolisacaridos.
Most microorganisms involved in these disease are gramnegative bacilli, anaerobes (Porphyromonas gingivalis, Prevotella intermedia, Fusobacterium nucleatum, Campylobacter rectus) or capnophiles (Aggregatibacterium actinomycetemcomitans, Eikenella corrodens, Capnocytophaga ochracea .
Total sebum lipids (2- 4 mg/ml), sonicated into bacterial culture medium, caused 4- to 5-fold log reduction in growth of gram-positive bacteria, Staphylococcus aureus, Streptococcus salivarius and the anaerobe Fusobacterium nucleatum, but was ineffective against most gram-negative bacteria.
Human monocytes and gingival fibroblasts release tumor necrosis factor-alpha, interleukin-1 alpha and interleukin-6 in response to particulate and soluble fractions of Prevotella melaninogenica and Fusobacterium nucleatum.
Eikenella corrodens, Fusobacterium nucleatum, Porphyromonas gingivalis, Prevotella intermedia y el grupo-Streptococcus milleri.
In humans, this endotoxin can cause platelet aggregation) Other organisms that have been isolated in patients with Lemierre's syndrome include Fusobacterium nucleatum, Streptococcus spp, Peptostreptococcus spp, Bacteroides spp, Eikenella corrodens, and Gemella morbillorum.