Fusobacterium nucleatum


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Fu·so·bac·te·ri·um nu·cle·a·'tum

a bacterial species (probably Plaut or Vincent bacillus) found in the mouth and in infections of the upper respiratory tract, pleural cavity, and occasionally the lower intestinal tract; it is the most common cause of human fusobacterium infection, and is the type species of the genus Fusobacterium.

Fu·so·bac·te·ri·um nu·cle·a·tum

(fū'zō-bak-tēr'ē-ŭm nū-klē-ā'tŭm)
A species that is found indigenously in gingival crevices; involved in infections of the upper respiratory tract and pleural cavity.
Synonym(s): Vincent bacillus.

Fusobacterium

a genus of anaerobic non-spore-forming, gram-negative bacteria found as normal flora in the mouth and large bowel, and often in necrotic tissue, probably as secondary invaders.

Fusobacterium equinum
contributes to necrotizing pneumonia and pleurisy in horses.
Fusobacterium necrophorum
found in abscesses of the liver, lungs and other tissues and in chronic ulcer of the colon. A common major participant in bovine footrot, calf diphtheria, ruminal necrobacillosis, hepatic abscesses and thrush in horses. Synergistic with Dichelobacter nodosus in ovine footrot. Divided into subspecies necrophorum, formerly biotype A, which is especially found in liver abscesses of cattle, and subspecies funduliforme, formerly biotype B, which is particularly found in ruminal abscesses and in ruminal contents.
Fusobacterium nodosus
Fusobacterium nucleatum
isolated from cat and dog bite wounds.
Fusobacterium russii
isolated from cat and dog bite wounds.
References in periodicals archive ?
EFFECTS OF ALTERNATIVE IRRIGANTS USED IN ROOT CANAL TREATMENTS ON DISRUPTION OF FUSOBACTERIUM NUCLEATUM BIOFILMS **, S.
In 2008, a friend of a mum who had given birth to a stillborn baby came to Han's research lab, which is among the few in the world working to understand the role variations of the oral bacteria, Fusobacterium nucleatum, on pre-term labor and stillbirths.
Serum antibodies of periodontitis patients compared to the lipopolysaccharides of Porphyromonas gingivalis and Fusobacterium nucleatum [Electronic version].
Yiping Han, associate professor at the Case Western Reserve University School of Dental Medicine, will be focusing on the bacterium Fusobacterium nucleatum, which creates havoc once it leaves the mouth and enters the blood stream.
The organisms from the submandibular abscess were Fusobacterium nucleatum, Bacteroides oralis, and Bacteroides bivius.
Polymerase chain reaction was used to detect Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans, Fusobacterium nucleatum, Porphyromonas gingivalis, Prevotella intermedia, Tannerella forsythensis, and Treponema denticola.
3) The major anaerobic pathogens in deep space infections of the neck usually include Fusobacterium nucleatum.
THE EFFECTS OF XYLITOL ON FUSOBACTERIUM NUCLEATUM BIO FILM FORMATION.
Animal studies have demonstrated that exposure to Porphyromonas gingivalis, Escherichia coli and Fusobacterium nucleatum, common oral species, can cause challenges leading to decreased fetal weight and increased fetal mortality.
In an animal model, Han and coworkers (60) found that periodontal bacteria, including Fusobacterium nucleatum, entered the bloodstream from ulcerated gingival sulci or periodontal pockets and negatively influenced the normal birth process.
Jones 1:30 THE EFFECT OF XYLITOL ON PERIODONTAL DISEASE-CAUSING FUSOBACTERIUM NUCLEATUM SP.