Fusobacterium necrophorum

Fu·so·bac·te·ri·um nec·ro'·pho·rum

Sphaerophorus necrophorus; an unusually pleomorphic species causing or associated with several necrotic conditions in animals, such as calf diphtheria, labial necrosis of rabbits; necrotic rhinitis of pigs; foot rot of cattle, sheep, and goats; and occasionally necrotic lesions in humans.
Synonym(s): necrosis bacillus

Fusobacterium necrophorum

A species that causes sore throat, and sometimes, life-threatening infections such as septic thrombophlebitis of the jugular veins (Lemierre's syndrome) in humans.
See also: Fusobacterium


a genus of anaerobic non-spore-forming, gram-negative bacteria found as normal flora in the mouth and large bowel, and often in necrotic tissue, probably as secondary invaders.

Fusobacterium equinum
contributes to necrotizing pneumonia and pleurisy in horses.
Fusobacterium necrophorum
found in abscesses of the liver, lungs and other tissues and in chronic ulcer of the colon. A common major participant in bovine footrot, calf diphtheria, ruminal necrobacillosis, hepatic abscesses and thrush in horses. Synergistic with Dichelobacter nodosus in ovine footrot. Divided into subspecies necrophorum, formerly biotype A, which is especially found in liver abscesses of cattle, and subspecies funduliforme, formerly biotype B, which is particularly found in ruminal abscesses and in ruminal contents.
Fusobacterium nodosus
Fusobacterium nucleatum
isolated from cat and dog bite wounds.
Fusobacterium russii
isolated from cat and dog bite wounds.
References in periodicals archive ?
1 2 0 Fusobacterium necrophorum 1 1 0 Gemella morbillorum 0 1 0 Veillonella spp.
Association between virulence factors of Escherichia coli, Fusobacterium necrophorum, and Arcanobacterium pyogenes and uterine diseases of dairy cows.
Lemierre's Syndrome due to Fusobacterium necrophorum, grand round.
Identification, molecular characterization and functional analysis of antigens/toxins of Streptococcus suis, Mannheimia haemolytica and Fusobacterium necrophorum are his primary research focuses.
LS is classically but not exclusively associated with an obligate oropharyngeal gram negative bacillus; fusobacterium necrophorum.
Interactions between Fusobacterium necrophorum hemolysin, erythrocytes and erythrocyte membranes.
Fusobacterium necrophorum septicemia following oropharyngeal infection.
Fusobacterium necrophorum infects the hoof space and Dichelobacter nodosus causes subsequent infection in the foot itself.
Fusobacterium necrophorum is a strictly anaerobic gram-negative rod that is found in the normal flora of humans in the oral cavity, alimentary canal and female genital tract(2, 3).
The organism most commonly implicated in Lemierre syndrome is Fusobacterium necrophorum, (3) which is a strictly anaerobic, nonmotile, Gram negative bacillus.
Foot infections in goats are generally the result of the bacteria Fusobacterium necrophorum in combination with various other bacteria.
1949) [5] Ambrose (1966) [6] Thoracic Corynebacterium diphtheroides Lumbar C diphtheroides Felner and Dowel NS Fusobacterium necrophorum (1971) [7] Newman and Mitchell Cervical Proprionobacterium sp.