Fusarium

(redirected from Fusarium moniliforme)
Also found in: Dictionary, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.
Related to Fusarium moniliforme: Fusarium solani, Fusarium verticillioides, Gibberella moniliformis

Fusarium

 [fu-sa´re-um]
a genus of fungi; some species are plant pathogens and some are opportunistic infectious agents of humans and other animals.

Fusarium

(fyū-sā'rē-ŭm),
A genus of rapidly growing fungi producing characteristic sickle-shaped, multiseptate macroconidia that can be mistaken for those produced by some dermatophytes. Usually saprobic, a few species such as Fusarium oxysporum, Fusarium solani, and Fusarium moniliforme can produce corneal ulcers; some species may cause disseminated infection.
[L. fusus, spindle]

fusarium

(fyo͞o-zâr′ē-əm)
n. pl. fusar·ia (-ē-ə)
Any of various pathogenic fungi of the genus Fusarium, chiefly inhabiting temperate climates and infecting both plants and animals. In humans, infection may cause inflammation of the cornea and external ear.

Fu·sar·i·um

(fyū-sā'rē-ŭm)
A genus of rapidly growing fungi producing characteristic sickle-shaped, multiseptate macroconidia that can be mistaken for those produced by some dermatophytes. A few species can produce corneal ulcers; some are common colonizers of burned skin, and some may cause disseminated hyalohyphomycosis.
[L. fusus, spindle]
Fusarium possible cause of superficial dorsal white onychomycosis

Fusarium

a genus of fungi; some species are plant pathogens and some are opportunistic infectious agents of humans and animals. Many also produce trichothecene toxins which cause poisoning of animals if the infected material, usually stored feed, is eaten.

Fusarium acuminatum, Fusarium culmorum, Fusarium equiseti
on maize crop causes inappetence, food rejection, diarrhea and incoordination in cattle.
Fusarium graminearum (Gibberella zeae), Fusarium roseum
associated with moldy maize or barley grain and produces an estrogenic mycotoxin, zearalenone, which may cause signs of estrogenism, especially vulvovaginitis, in pigs.
Fusarium moniliforme
cause leukoencephalomalacia in horses, pulmonary edema in pigs.
Fusarium roseum
see F. graminearum (above).
Fusarium scirpi
causes diarrhea, staggers and food rejection in cattle.
Fusarium solani, Fusarium javanicum
1. growing on sweet potatoes this fungus produces bovine atypical interstitial pneumonia.
2. as an environmental fungus causing melanized granulomas (black gill disease) in shrimps, especially Penaeus japonicus.
Fusarium sporotrichiella
causes a fatal hemorrhagic disease of sheep.
Fusarium sporotrichioides, Fusarium tricinctum
1. causes poor weight gain, necrotic mouth lesions and deaths in turkeys and chickens.
2. causes a hemorrhagic syndrome in cattle and pigs, similar to stachybotrytoxicosis.
References in periodicals archive ?
Species Isolate Casein hydrolysis Aspergillus dimorphicus 670, 671 + + + Aspergillus jlavus 516, 517 - Aspergillus foetidus 663 - Aspergillus niger 528 - Aspergillus sydowii 557 - Aspergillus ochraceus 418 + + + Aspergillus viridicatum 647 - Fusarium concolor 377, 625 - Fusarium equiseti 379 - Fusarium illudens 358 + + + Fusarium lateritium 224 + 540, 711 - Fusarium moniliforme 221 + + + 223 - Fusarium niuale 222 - Fusarium solani 237, 359 + + + 176 - Fusarium stilboides 371 - Fusarium trincictum 480 - Fusarium xylaroides 369, 370, 490 - Paecilomyces sp.
In vitro tests using leaf extracts from transgenic tobacco containing the D4E1 gene also demonstrated a high degree of control against germinating conidia of three major pathogens: Aspergillus flavus, Fusarium moniliforme, and Verticillium dahliae.
Induction of extracellular polygalacturonase and its messenger RNA in the phytopathogenic fungus Fusarium moniliforme.
Scientists already know that fumonisin, a toxin of the corn molds Fusarium moniliforme and F.
and Cassia oil (Acacia farnesiana Linn) inhibited the growth of 7 species of economically important rice pathogenic fungi; Alternaria brassicicola, Aspergillus flavus, Bipolaris oryzae, Fusarium moniliforme, Fusarium proliferatum, Pyricularia arisea and Rhizoctonia solani, this oil at concentration 2.
Toxicity and carcinogenicity of the Fusarium moniliforme metabo1ite, fumonisin [B.
The toxin in corn, fumonisin, is made by the fungi Fusarium moniliforme and F.