Fusarium

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Fusarium

 [fu-sa´re-um]
a genus of fungi; some species are plant pathogens and some are opportunistic infectious agents of humans and other animals.

Fusarium

(fyū-sā'rē-ŭm),
A genus of rapidly growing fungi producing characteristic sickle-shaped, multiseptate macroconidia that can be mistaken for those produced by some dermatophytes. Usually saprobic, a few species such as Fusarium oxysporum, Fusarium solani, and Fusarium moniliforme can produce corneal ulcers; some species may cause disseminated infection.
[L. fusus, spindle]

fusarium

(fyo͞o-zâr′ē-əm)
n. pl. fusar·ia (-ē-ə)
Any of various pathogenic fungi of the genus Fusarium, chiefly inhabiting temperate climates and infecting both plants and animals. In humans, infection may cause inflammation of the cornea and external ear.

Fu·sar·i·um

(fyū-sā'rē-ŭm)
A genus of rapidly growing fungi producing characteristic sickle-shaped, multiseptate macroconidia that can be mistaken for those produced by some dermatophytes. A few species can produce corneal ulcers; some are common colonizers of burned skin, and some may cause disseminated hyalohyphomycosis.
[L. fusus, spindle]
Fusarium possible cause of superficial dorsal white onychomycosis

Fusarium

a genus of fungi; some species are plant pathogens and some are opportunistic infectious agents of humans and animals. Many also produce trichothecene toxins which cause poisoning of animals if the infected material, usually stored feed, is eaten.

Fusarium acuminatum, Fusarium culmorum, Fusarium equiseti
on maize crop causes inappetence, food rejection, diarrhea and incoordination in cattle.
Fusarium graminearum (Gibberella zeae), Fusarium roseum
associated with moldy maize or barley grain and produces an estrogenic mycotoxin, zearalenone, which may cause signs of estrogenism, especially vulvovaginitis, in pigs.
Fusarium moniliforme
cause leukoencephalomalacia in horses, pulmonary edema in pigs.
Fusarium roseum
see F. graminearum (above).
Fusarium scirpi
causes diarrhea, staggers and food rejection in cattle.
Fusarium solani, Fusarium javanicum
1. growing on sweet potatoes this fungus produces bovine atypical interstitial pneumonia.
2. as an environmental fungus causing melanized granulomas (black gill disease) in shrimps, especially Penaeus japonicus.
Fusarium sporotrichiella
causes a fatal hemorrhagic disease of sheep.
Fusarium sporotrichioides, Fusarium tricinctum
1. causes poor weight gain, necrotic mouth lesions and deaths in turkeys and chickens.
2. causes a hemorrhagic syndrome in cattle and pigs, similar to stachybotrytoxicosis.
References in periodicals archive ?
Symptomless endophytic colonization of maize by Fusarium moniliforme.
The PDA extract amended plates were allowed to solidify and with a sterile Cork Borer, 3mm mycelia discs of actively growing Fusarium moniliforme pathogen were inoculated on these plates and incubated for three days on the laboratory slabs Radial growth readings were taken per 24 hours.
Species Isolate Casein hydrolysis Aspergillus dimorphicus 670, 671 + + + Aspergillus jlavus 516, 517 - Aspergillus foetidus 663 - Aspergillus niger 528 - Aspergillus sydowii 557 - Aspergillus ochraceus 418 + + + Aspergillus viridicatum 647 - Fusarium concolor 377, 625 - Fusarium equiseti 379 - Fusarium illudens 358 + + + Fusarium lateritium 224 + 540, 711 - Fusarium moniliforme 221 + + + 223 - Fusarium niuale 222 - Fusarium solani 237, 359 + + + 176 - Fusarium stilboides 371 - Fusarium trincictum 480 - Fusarium xylaroides 369, 370, 490 - Paecilomyces sp.
Distribution of fumonisins in maize ears infected with strains of Fusarium moniliforme that differ in fumonisin production.
Epidemiological aspects of Fusarium moniliforme caused sorghum head blight
Las Fumonisinas son uno de los mas recientes grupos de micotoxinas descubiertos, son producidas por el hongo Fusarium moniliforme [16].
Pathogenicity of Alternaria alternata and Fusarium moniliforme and pathogenicity of AA1-toxin and Fumonism B1 tomato cultivars.