Fusarium


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Fusarium

 [fu-sa´re-um]
a genus of fungi; some species are plant pathogens and some are opportunistic infectious agents of humans and other animals.

Fusarium

(fyū-sā'rē-ŭm),
A genus of rapidly growing fungi producing characteristic sickle-shaped, multiseptate macroconidia that can be mistaken for those produced by some dermatophytes. Usually saprobic, a few species such as Fusarium oxysporum, Fusarium solani, and Fusarium moniliforme can produce corneal ulcers; some species may cause disseminated infection.
[L. fusus, spindle]

fusarium

(fyo͞o-zâr′ē-əm)
n. pl. fusar·ia (-ē-ə)
Any of various pathogenic fungi of the genus Fusarium, chiefly inhabiting temperate climates and infecting both plants and animals. In humans, infection may cause inflammation of the cornea and external ear.

Fu·sar·i·um

(fyū-sā'rē-ŭm)
A genus of rapidly growing fungi producing characteristic sickle-shaped, multiseptate macroconidia that can be mistaken for those produced by some dermatophytes. A few species can produce corneal ulcers; some are common colonizers of burned skin, and some may cause disseminated hyalohyphomycosis.
[L. fusus, spindle]
Fusarium possible cause of superficial dorsal white onychomycosis

Fusarium

a genus of fungi; some species are plant pathogens and some are opportunistic infectious agents of humans and animals. Many also produce trichothecene toxins which cause poisoning of animals if the infected material, usually stored feed, is eaten.

Fusarium acuminatum, Fusarium culmorum, Fusarium equiseti
on maize crop causes inappetence, food rejection, diarrhea and incoordination in cattle.
Fusarium graminearum (Gibberella zeae), Fusarium roseum
associated with moldy maize or barley grain and produces an estrogenic mycotoxin, zearalenone, which may cause signs of estrogenism, especially vulvovaginitis, in pigs.
Fusarium moniliforme
cause leukoencephalomalacia in horses, pulmonary edema in pigs.
Fusarium roseum
see F. graminearum (above).
Fusarium scirpi
causes diarrhea, staggers and food rejection in cattle.
Fusarium solani, Fusarium javanicum
1. growing on sweet potatoes this fungus produces bovine atypical interstitial pneumonia.
2. as an environmental fungus causing melanized granulomas (black gill disease) in shrimps, especially Penaeus japonicus.
Fusarium sporotrichiella
causes a fatal hemorrhagic disease of sheep.
Fusarium sporotrichioides, Fusarium tricinctum
1. causes poor weight gain, necrotic mouth lesions and deaths in turkeys and chickens.
2. causes a hemorrhagic syndrome in cattle and pigs, similar to stachybotrytoxicosis.
References in periodicals archive ?
All plants with fusariosis symptoms were collected ninety days after transplanting and taken to the laboratory for isolation of Fusarium sp.
Fusarium dimerum had been believed to be decaying plant saprothrophs, take (Gerlach & Nirenberg, 1982) who were unaware of F.
Many species of entomopathogenic Fusarium may kill their host insects through the activity of toxins produced by penetrating hyphae (Gupta et al.
Some of them are sources of serious economic losses including Fusarium oxysporum f.
The Fusarium genus includes various species, which produce a large number of toxins such as fumonisins, trichothecenes, zearalenone, and others.
Evaluation of different fungal antagonists against Fusarium oxysporum infecting Withania somnifera (L) Dunal.
Whereas, all isolates of genus Fusarium converged into cluster six to eight and flanking outgroups including one isolate of Syncephalastrum.
All the Cu(II) complexes were active against Fusarium sp.
According to the Bureau of Plant and Industry, Fusarium wilt attacks the water-carrying vessels of a plant, causing it to wilt and die.