mycosis

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mycosis

 [mi-ko´sis]
any disease caused by fungi.
mycosis fungoi´des a chronic or rapidly progressive form of cutaneous T-cell lymphoma (formerly thought to be of fungal origin), which in some cases evolves into generalized lymphoma. It may be divided generally into three successive stages: premycotic, associated with intensely pruritic eruptions; infiltrated plaques, or mycotic, characterized by the presence of abnormal mononuclear cells (Sézary cells); and mushroom-like tumors that often ulcerate. The tumor stage (d'emblée type) may develop without preceding lesions or prodromal symptoms.
opportunistic mycosis a fungal or funguslike disease occurring as an opportunistic infection. Fungi that may become opportunistic pathogens include species of Aspergillus, Candida, Mucor, and Cryptococcus. Successful treatment of opportunistic mycoses depends on identification of the specific organism causing the infection. Without effective therapy a systemic infection of this type can be fatal.

my·co·sis

, pl.

my·co·ses

(mī-kō'sis, -sēz),
Any disease caused by a fungus (filamentous or yeast).
[myco- + G. -osis, condition]

mycosis

/my·co·sis/ (mi-ko´sis) any disease caused by fungi.
mycosis fungoi´des  a chronic, malignant, lymphoreticular neoplasm of the skin and, in late stages, lymph nodes and viscera, with development of large, painful, ulcerating tumors.

mycosis

(mī-kō′sĭs)
n. pl. myco·ses (-sēz)
1. A fungal infection in or on a part of the body.
2. A disease caused by a fungus.

mycosis

[mīkō′sis]
Etymology: Gk, mykes + osis, condition
any disease caused by a fungus. Some kinds of mycoses are candidiasis, coccidioidomycosis, and tinea pedis. mycotic, adj.

mycosis

A fungal infection; the most common mycosis in the US is candidiasis, caused by C albicans, commonly vaginal in adult ♀, oral in children, and esophageal in AIDS and immunocompromise

my·co·sis

(mī-kō'sis)
Any disease caused by a fungus (filamentous or yeast).
[myco- + G. -osis, condition]

mycosis

(mī-kō′sĭs) [″ + osis, condition]
Any disease induced by a fungus, or resembling a fungal disease.

mycosis fungoides

Abbreviation: MF
Cutaneous T-cell lymphoma, esp. when the disease is first clinically apparent on the skin. The skin is marked by irregularly shaped macules, plaques, or nodules, which usually first appear on the trunk and may sometimes cause considerable itching. The rash may be difficult to diagnose or may be misdiagnosed as another form of dermatitis. Biopsy specimens may reveal atypical-appearing lymphocytes in the epidermis or collections of malignant lymphocytes in clusters called Pautrier's microabscesses. Eventually (e.g., 10 or more years after diagnosis), the malignant cells disseminate throughout the skin and into lymph nodes and internal organs.

Treatment

Topical nitrogen mustard, phototherapy with psoralens and ultraviolet light, systemic chemotherapy, interferons, extracorporeal phototherapy, and electron beam radiation of the skin have all been used. The disease may be curable when treated in its very earliest stage.

NOTE

The name “mycosis fungoides” is deceptive, as the disease is not fungal in origin.

superficial mycosis

Any of a group of fungus infections of the skin. Included in this group are erythrasma, tinea barbae, tinea capitis, tinea corporis, tinea cruris, tinea favosa, tinea pedis, tinea unguium, and trichomycosis axillaris.
Enlarge picture
SYSTEMIC MYCOSIS: Cryptococcosis of lung; arrows indicate fungus (orig. mag. ×450)

systemic mycosis

Any of a group of deep fungus infections involving various bodily systems or regions. Included in this group are aspergillosis, blastomycosis, chromoblastomycosis, coccidioidomycosis, cryptococcosis, geotrichosis, histoplasmosis, maduromycosis, moniliasis, mucormycosis, nocardiosis, penicilliosis, rhinosporidiosis, and sporotrichosis. See: illustration
illustration

mycosis

Any disease caused by a fungus.

mycosis

an animal disease caused by fungal infection.

mycosis

any disease caused by fungi

my·co·sis

(mī-kō'sis)
Any disease caused by a fungus (filamentous or yeast).
[myco- + G. -osis, condition]

mycosis

(mīkō´sis),
n a disease caused by a yeast or fungus.

mycosis

pl. mycoses; any disease caused by fungi.

dermal mycosis
see ringworm, epizootic lymphangitis, sporotrichosis, swamp cancer. Called also dermatophytosis.
mycosis fungoides
a chronic, malignant, lymphoreticular neoplasm of the skin, and, in late stages, lymph nodes and viscera; a type of cutaneous lymphosarcoma involving T lymphocytes. It occurs in humans, dogs and cats.
guttural pouch mycosis
see guttural pouch mycosis.
opportunistic mycosis
a fungal or fungus-like disease occurring in an animal with a compromised immune system. Opportunistic organisms are normal resident flora that become pathogenic only when the host's immune defenses are altered, as in immunosuppressive therapy, in a chronic disease, such as diabetes mellitus, or during steroid or antibacterial therapy that upsets the balance of bacterial flora in the body.
superficial mycosis
those involving the superficial layers of the skin; typical of infections caused by dermatophytes.
systemic mycosis
fungal infection spread via the bloodstream and characterized by multiple granulomatous lesions in many organs. See aspergillosis, blastomycosis, coccidioidomycosis, cryptococcosis, histoplasmosis, mucormycosis.

Patient discussion about mycosis

Q. What is the best way to treat fungal infection so it wont come back every year at the same time?? I don't know where I got it from- maybe caught it in a public shower,some people say it develops while the foot is in the shoe for long hours- I'm not sure- but every fall, for like 5 years now, I've been having this fungal infection in a few spots in my feet. usually in the same exact spots and ewvery year another one show up. what to do to make it go away?? it's real ugly and itchy, can't stand it. any help would be appreciated...

A. i also used to have fungal infections (Athlete's foot). i just applied a topical anti fungal cream to treat it and then continued applying it for prevention and started to use sandals in public showers. and thank god, i don't have any now.

More discussions about mycosis
References in periodicals archive ?
Because most invasive fungal infections have high mortality rates, reducing the incidence of these diseases often relies on rapid and specific diagnostics, effective antifungal drugs, novel immunotherapeutic strategies, and adherence to infection control and sterility practices.
Multistate outbreak of fungal infection associated with injection of methylprednisolone acetate solution from a single compounding pharmacy--United States, 2012.
Skull base osteomyelitis is a complication of fungal infection that may be seen in immunocompromised patients.
Overall, mortality from invasive fungal infections in the NICU was 43% in 1998, 50% in 1999, 38% in 2000, 42% in 2001, and 17% in 2002.
Better training is needed to encourage health care practitioners to test for fungal infections so the correct drugs are administered.
Stay Clean: The main mantra to avoid any fungal infections during monsoon is to keep yourself absolutely clean.
Joe Anderson, Chief Executive Officer of Arix Bioscience plc, commented: Invasive, life-threatening fungal infections present a serious unmet medical need, particularly for patients with compromised immune function, as the number of therapeutic options is quite limited.
Hematopoietic stem cell transplant [HSCT] recipients have a high risk of acquiring invasive fungal infection [IFI] by virtue of prolonged myelosuppression.
For diaper dermatitis with a confirmed secondary fungal infection, they recommend a topical antifungal agent in combination with a barrier cream.
Keep an open mind and cast a wider differential," to help catch fungal infections, and use all the dermatologic tools, including slide preps, cultures, and biopsies, Dr.
Some fungal infections are difficult to diagnose by microbiological examination, more over microbiological examinations can be misguided by contamination of other fungi.
1) The longer survival of this population has increased the frequency of fungal infections.