functional independence measure


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measure

 [mezh´er]
1. to determine the extent or quantity of a substance.
2. a specific extent or quantity of a substance.
3. a graduated scale by which the dimensions or mass of an object or substance may be determined. See Tables of Weights and Measures in Appendix.
assistive measure a nursing intervention in the nursing minimum data set, in which the nurse facilitates activities of daily living (such as hygiene, exercise, rest, or grooming), provides physical comfort, and maintains a therapeutic environment.
m's of central tendency statistical procedures for determining the center of a distribution of scores; they include the mode, the mean, and the median.
m's of dispersion statistical procedures for examining how scores vary or are dispersed around the mean. These include the range, the difference scores, the sum of squares, the variance, and the standard deviation.
Functional Independence measure FIM; a standardized assessment instrument of functional status that is part of the Uniform Data Set for Medical Rehabilitation; it tests 23 items in seven areas of function and uses a seven-point scale for each item. It can be used clinically as an outcome measure, and a data pool is being established that will be large enough for prediction and comparison of functional outcomes. A pediatric version called the Wee-FIM is also available.
supportive measure a nursing intervention in the nursing minimum data set, defined as action through which the nurse provides support of life functions and needed sustenance such as oxygen, nutrition, or fluids.

func·tion·al in·de·pen·dence mea·sure

(FIM) (fŭngk'shŭn-ăl in'dĕ-pend'ĕns mezh'ŭr)
An instrument used to measure the extent of disability based on the responses to 18 items covering self-care, sphincter control, mobility, locomotion, communication, and social cognition.

Functional Independence Measure

,

FIM

A clinical tool used to assess the ability of persons needing rehabilitative services to cope independently and perform activities of daily living. These activities include self-care, sphincter control, mobility, locomotion, communication, and social cognition. Data derived from FIM correlate with some outcome measures in rehabilitation, such as the length of time a patient may need to stay in care or the resources the patient will use. The version of FIM for children is called WeeFIM. See: WeeFIM
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References in periodicals archive ?
Questions and answers about the functional independence measure (adult FIM).
6MWT = 6-minute walk test, 10MWT = 10-meter walk test, BBS = Berg Balance Scale, FIM = Functional Independence Measure, KT = Kinesio Tape, RMI = Rivermead Mobility Index, SCT = Stair-Climbing Test, SS-QLS = Stroke-Specific Quality of Life Scale, TUG = Timed "Up and Go" test.
The construct validity of the functional independence measure as applied to stroke patients.
Relationships Between Impairment and Physical Disability as Measured by the Functional Independence Measure.
The measures that are most commonly used during inpatient rehabilitation (IR) and outpatient rehabilitation to quantify rather than predict outcomes include the Glasgow Outcome Scale, the Extended Glasgow Outcome Scale, the Disability Rating Scale, the Functional Assessment Measure, the Functional Status Examination, various TBI-specific and generic quality of life measures, various neuropsychological testing batteries, and the Functional Independence Measure (FIM) [9-13].
At this time, the only assessment for functional outcomes of inpatients is the Functional Independence Measure (FIM).
Other measures of mobility collected were Functional Ambulation Classification scores (Holden et al 1986) and Functional Independence Measure scores for ambulation and transfers from bed to chair (Hall et al 1993, Keith et al 1987).
The Functional Independence Measure (FIM[TM]) was used to measure baseline function and functional recovery 3 months after stroke.
The Functional Independence Measure (FIM) was developed as part of the Uniform Data System for Medical Rehabilitation (UDSMR) (Granger et al.

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