Freud


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Freud

 [froid]
Sigmund (1856–1939). Clinical neurologist and founder of psychoanalysis. Born in Freiberg in Moravia, and educated at the University of Vienna, he studied in Paris in 1885 under the neurologist J. M. Charcot, who encouraged him to investigate hysteria from a psychologic point of view. Freud stressed the existence of an unconscious that exerts a dynamic influence on consciousness, and was led to develop his method of “free association” in order to discover these buried memories. He emphasized the role of sexuality in the development of neurotic conditions, and published Interpretation of Dreams (1900), Psychopathology of Everyday Life (1901), and many more works. He was also director of the International Journal of Psychology. After fleeing the Nazi regime in Vienna in 1938, he died in London.

Freud

(froyd),
Sigmund, Austrian neurologist and psychiatrist, 1856-1939, founder of psychoanalysis. See: freudian, freudian fixation, freudian psychoanalysis, freudian slip, Freud theory.

Freud, Sigmund

[froid]
Etymology: Austrian neurologist, 1856-1939
founder of a complex integrated theory of psychological causes of mental disorders, some, such as hysteria, with physical symptoms. Among tenets of freudian theory are that human beings are motivated by a pleasure principle; receive internal stimulation from a sex instinct and a death instinct; have personality structures that can be divided into ego, superego, and id; and have unconscious, preconscious, and conscious levels of mental activity. See also freudian, freudian fixation, freudianism.
References in periodicals archive ?
unwisely repressing self-criticism--a danger as old and, for Freud, as
In the final paragraphs, Freud emerges as a kind of cosmopolitan hero, one who was able to contemplate the scary notion that
It was the most wonderful place I'd ever been,'' Freud said.
Cheats Labour say the PM's failure to sack Lord Freud is an error of judgment.
Is Lord Freud now saying those he miraculously cured are only partially fit to work?
At one point Freud wrote: "My dear Wilhelm: You will not have any objection to my calling my next son Wilhelm
It is one of only a very small number of great Freud paintings that have never before surfaced on the market, and it beautifully captures the form of the woman who was to play such a central role in Freud's life for over two decades.
Indeed, the self has been effectively fractured, and to understand the residual remains requires philosophically informed historical perspectives, which show the underlying challenge Freud embraced and its continued relevance for contemporary thought.
The museum houses the Habsburg royal family's extensive collections of artists including Titian, Velazquez and Rembrandt who inspired Freud, a keen museumgoer who said visiting art galleries was as curative for him as trips to the doctor.
Moss met Freud in 2002 after admitting he was the person she'd most like to meet.
Freud, who died last year aged 88, completed Chicken on a Bamboo Table in 1944 - the year of his first exhibition.
Then art critic for The Spectator, Auty in his Apollo article considered the work of Lucian Freud, who only died last July and is currently the subject of a retrospective exhibition at London's National Portrait Gallery (until 27 May).