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A land region with a high concentration of trees, which is divided into an overstory (canopy or upper tree layer) and an understory of vegetation, which is further divided into a shrub layer, herb layer and, depending on the ecosystem, also a moss layer.


an extensive wood or tract of wooded country.


pertaining to or emanating from the forest.

forest fire injury
forest primrose
forest tsetses
glossinabrevipalpis, G. fusca.

Patient discussion about forest

Q. Do you know where can I find alcoholism treatment centers in Forest Grove, Pennsylvania? My stepmother is asking for my help to find an alcoholism treatment center where she can admit her daughter. Sabina, my stepsister has been addicted to alcohol ever since our dad died. Though we weren't very close, I still want her back to her normal state for she's still my sister. Please help me.

A. Look in the phone book for AA or Alcoholics Anonymous and call and you will find the best answer for your particular questions. Don't wait.

Pittsburgh Area Central Office
401 Wood Street
Suite 906
Pittsburgh, PA 15222
United States

24 Hour Answering Service (Washington, PA)
Washington, PENNSYLVANIA 15301
United States

521 Club, The - A recovery clubhouse. Hosts Alcoholics Anonymous (AA) meetings. (717) 299-9397 or (717) 509-6920. 2400 Butter Road. Lancaster, Lancaster County, Pennsylvania.

Northeastern Pennsylvania Alcoholics Anonymous - Includes Forest City, Hotline (570) 654-0488.

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References in periodicals archive ?
Several wildlife species in the Sierra Nevada utilize the forest structure and early-successional conditions that occur following a high-severity fire, which are not well approximated by prescribed fire or thinning treatments (Fontaine and Kennedy 2012; Hutto 2008; Stephens et al.
Phua & Saito (2003) attempted this for the forests in Kinabalu Park and found that remote sensing could only be used to show very broad differences in forest structure.
As a result, the sharp reduction in fire frequency from fire suppression in low-elevation forests appears to have changed the forest structure, whereas there is no evidence tree density has changed within stands from the reduction in fire spread in high-elevation forests.
Alternatively, ungulate-induced modification of forest structure and composition after natural disturbance or logging may result in changes to habitat selection among forest-dependent species.
Reduction of damaging air pollution could occur virtually in a matter of days; restoration of complex forest structure, a century; and recovery of degraded river channels, even longer.
Lidar has been used successfully to capture forest structure, to map individual trees in forests and critical wildlife habitat characteristics, to predict forest volume and biomass, to develop inputs for forest fire behavior modeling and to map forest topography and infrastructure.
9] studied the effect of the harvesting on the forest structure .
We observed that the 75-m distance to the unused area was sufficient to evade the forest structure influence of the nesting sites but remained within the same general forest type.
First, logging to fuel paddle steamers and make railway sleepers greatly altered the forest structure.
Using a simulation model (SYMFOR) to project the effects of the silvicultural treatments on future timber yields, forest structure and composition, and biomass, I found that none of the treatments came close to achieving STY, indicating that silviculture would probably need to be intensified to secure STY.
Warblers often seek out forest structure when choosing nesting habitat.

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