You will see a tail, but no feet for a frank breech; you will see two hooves facing up for a footling breech
Nine days into treatment, at 23 weeks' gestation, 210 hours after membrane rupture, a 415-g live-born girl was delivered spontaneously in footling breech
with Apgar scores of 1 (1 min) and 5 (5 min).
One midwife, Diane, who was direct-entry and apprenticed before she became a CNM, recently did a footling breech
in the water, and a shoulder dystocia with the baby's cord wrapped around its neck.
One said she had a safe and successful home birth with the same complication as Koberstein - a footling breech
delivery where the baby emerges feet first.
The staff weren't able to touch him because he was a footling breech
, which means if you try and help them in any way, you could damage their necks.
Standard procedure for paramedics and EMTs encountering a footling breech
birth was to transport the patient to a hospital immediately.
Shanley describes her own four unassisted births, including one footling breech
and a 5 week premature birth where the baby dies (which she says was a manifestation of her desire to miscarry).
In speaking with Koberstein after the failed delivery, he believed that she was uninformed about the risks involved with every step of the birth - including how hazardous a footling breech
However, in this extraordinary case, when a physician encountered a two-legged footling breech
presentation, there should have been no question whatsoever that a C-Section was indicated.